Timing studies on RXTE observations of SAX J2103.5+4545

Baykal, Altan
Stark, M. J.
Heffner, C. M.
Erkoca, A. E.
Swank, J. H.
SAX J2103.5+4545 has been continuously monitored for similar to 900 d by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) since its outburst in 2002 July. Using these observations and previous archival RXTE observations of SAX J2103.5+4545, we refined the binary orbital parameters and find the new orbital period as P = (12.665 36 +/- 0.000 88) d and the eccentricity as 0.4055 +/- 0.0032. With these new orbital parameters, we constructed the pulse frequency and pulse frequency derivative histories of the pulsar and confirmed the correlation between X-ray flux and pulse frequency derivative presented by Baykal, Stark & Swank. We constructed the power spectra for the fluctuations of pulse frequency derivatives and found that the power-law index of the noise spectra is 2.13 +/- 0.6. The power-law index is consistent with random walk in pulse frequency derivative and is the steepest among the HMXRBs. X-ray spectra analysis confirmed the inverse correlation trend between power-law index and X-ray flux found by Baykal et al.


RXTE and Swift observations of SWIFT J1729.9-3437
Sahiner, S.; İNAM, SITKI ÇAĞDAŞ; Serim, Muhammed Miraç; Baykal, Altan (2013-10-01)
We analyse Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) and Swift observations of SWIFT J1729.9-3437 after its outburst from 2010 July 20 to 2010 August 12. We calculate a spin frequency and spin frequency derivative of 1.8734(8) x 10(-3) Hz and 6.42(6) x 10(-12) Hz s(-1), respectively from the quadratic fit of the pulse arrival times. The quadratic fit residuals fit well to a circular orbital model with a period of 15.3(2) d and a mass function of about 1.3 M-circle dot, but they can also be explained by a torque no...
Timing studies of X Persei and the discovery of its transient quasi-periodic oscillation feature
Acuner, Z.; İNAM, SITKI ÇAĞDAŞ; Sahiner, S.; Serim, Muhammed Miraç; Baykal, Altan; Swank, J. (2014-10-11)
We present a timing analysis of X Persei (X Per) using observations made between 1998 and 2010 with the Proportional Counter Array (PCA) onboard the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) and with the INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager (ISGRI). All pulse arrival times obtained from the RXTE-PCA observations are phase-connected and a timing solution is obtained using these arrival times. We update the long-term pulse frequency history of the source by measuring its pulse frequencies using RXTE-PCA and ISGRI data. Fr...
RXTE timing analysis of the anomalous X-ray pulsar 1E 2259+586
Icdem, B.; Baykal, Altan; İNAM, SITKI ÇAĞDAŞ (2012-02-01)
We present a pulse-timing analysis of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations of the anomalous X-ray pulsar 1E 2259+586 from its 2002 outburst to 2010 October. We have the following objectives: to extend the work on the recovery stage after the 2002 glitch; to investigate the variations caused by the second glitch that occurred in 2007; to look for other unusual events, if any, that arise in the regular spin-down trend of the source. We find that the fractional change in the spin frequency derivativ...
Differences between the two anomalous X-ray pulsars: variations in the spin-down rate of 1E 1048.1-5937 and an extended interval of quiet spin-down in 1E 2259+586
Baykal, Altan; Swank, J; Alpar, MA; Stark, MJ (2000-11-21)
We analysed the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) archival data of 1E 1048.1-5937 covering a time-span of more than one year. The spin-down rate of this source decreases by similar to 30 per cent during the observation. We could not resolve the X-ray flux variations because of contamination by eta Carinae. We find that the level of pulse frequency fluctuations of 1E 1048.1-5937 is consistent with typical noise levels of accretion-powered pulsars. Recent RXTE observations of 1E 2259+586 have shown a constan...
Discovery of a soft spectral component and transient 22.7 second quasi-periodic oscillations of SAX J2103.5+4545
Inam, SC; Baykal, Altan; Swank, J; Stark, MJ (IOP Publishing, 2004-11-20)
XMM-Newton observed SAX J2103.5+4545 on 2003 January 6, while the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) was also monitoring the source. Using the RXTE Proportional Counter Array data set between 2002 December 3 and 2003 January 29, the spin period and average spin-up rate during the XMM-Newton observations were found to be 354.7940+/-0.0008 s and (7.4+/-0.9)x10(-13) Hz s(-1), respectively. In the power spectrum of the 0.9-11 keV EPIC PN light curve, we found quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) around 0.044 Hz (...
Citation Formats
A. Baykal, M. J. Stark, C. M. Heffner, A. E. Erkoca, and J. H. Swank, “Timing studies on RXTE observations of SAX J2103.5+4545,” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, pp. 1108–1114, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/41726.