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A finite element variational multiscale method for the Navier-Stokes equations

This paper presents a variational multiscale method (VMS) for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations which is defined by a large scale space L-H for the velocity deformation tensor and a turbulent viscosity nu(T). The connection of this method to the standard formulation of a VMS is explained. The conditions on L-H under which the VMS can be implemented easily and efficiently into an existing finite element code for solving the Navier - Stokes equations are studied. Numerical tests with the Smagorinsky large eddy simulation model for nu(T) are presented.