Suitable alkaline for graphene peeling grown on metallic catalysts using chemical vapor deposition

Sonusen, S.
Oral, Ahmet
In chemical vapor deposition, the higher growth temperature roughens the surface of the metal catalyst and a delicate method is necessary for the transfer of graphene from metal catalyst to the desired substrates. In this work, we grow graphene on Pt and Cu foil via ambient pressure chemical vapor deposition (AP-CVD) method and further alkaline water electrolysis was used to peel off graphene from the metallic catalyst. We used different electrolytes i.e., sodium hydroxide (NaOH), potassium hydroxide (KOH), lithium hydroxide (LiOH) and barium hydroxide Ba(OH)(2) for electrolysis, hydrogen bubbles evolved at the Pt cathode (graphene/Pt/PMMA stack) and as a result graphene layer peeled off from the substrate without damage. The peeling time for KOH and LiOH was similar to 6 min and for NaOH and Ba(OH)(2) it was similar to 15 min. KOH and LiOH peeled off graphene very efficiently as compared to NaOH and Ba(OH)(2) from the Pt electrode. In case of copper, the peeling time is similar to 35 min. Different characterizations like optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy were done to analyze the as grown and transferred graphene samples.