Transport and related properties of breads baked using various heating modes

Physical properties of breads during baking were measured using three different heating modes of microwave plus infrared (MIR), microwave plus jet impingement (MJET) and jet impingement (JET) in two different commercially available microwave combination ovens. Breads baked in JET oven were significantly different from the breads baked in other ovens with respect to their specific volume and moisture content. Transient values of dielectric constant, dielectric loss factor, specific bulk volume, porosity, thermal conductivity and moisture content were determined. For all heating modes, thermal conductivity and dielectric properties of breads decreased sharply within the first 2-3 min of baking and then remained constant. Regression equations were developed to relate these properties to moisture content and porosity changes during baking.


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Seyhun, N.; Ramaswamy, H.; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil; Ahmed, J. (Elsevier BV, 2009-06-01)
Microwave tempering and infrared assisted microwave tempering of frozen foods were simulated by using finite difference method. The effects of microwave power and infrared power on tempering were discussed. Three different microwave power levels (30%, 40%, and 50%) and three different infrared power levels (10%, 20%, and 30%) were used. The increase in microwave power level and infrared power level decreased tempering times. The change of heat capacity and the dielectric properties of frozen potato puree wi...
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Keskin, SO; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil (Wiley, 2004-04-01)
In this study, the effects of different enzymes (a-amylase, xylanase, lipase, protease) on quality of breads baked in different ovens (microwave, halogen lamp-microwave combination and conventional oven) were investigated. It was also aimed to reduce the quality problems of breads baked in microwave ovens with the usage of enzymes. As a control, bread dough containing no enzyme was used. Specific volume, firmness and color of the breads were measured as quality parameters. All of the enzymes were found to b...
Şahin, Serpil; Bayindirli, L. (Informa UK Limited, 1999-01-01)
The effective thermal conductivities of potato were measured at various stages of the frying process. Samples were taken at 30 s intervals during frying, and two different methods (line heat source and modified Fitch method) were used to measure the effective thermal conductivity. An iterative Kopelman model was used for the prediction of thermal properties. The effective thermal conductivity decreased as frying time increased. The variation of experimental measurements by both methods and modeling were wit...
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Sakiyan, Ozge; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Sahin, Serpil; Meda, Venkatesh (Wiley, 2007-05-01)
Dielectric properties can be used to understand the behavior of food materials during microwave processing. Dielectric properties influence the level of interaction between food and high frequency electromagnetic energy. Dielectric properties are, therefore, important in the design of foods intended for microwave preparation. In this study, it was aimed to determine the variation of dielectric properties of different cake formulations during baking in microwave and infrared-microwave combination oven. In ad...
Physical characterization of high methoxyl pectin and sunflower oil wax emulsions: A low-field H-1 NMR relaxometry study
Akkaya, Sinem; Özel, Barış; Öztop, Halil Mecit; YANIK, DERYA KOÇAK; GÖĞÜŞ, FAHRETTİN (Wiley, 2020-12-01)
Pectin-wax-based emulsion systems could be used to form edible films and coatings with desired water permeability characteristics. Pectin is often used in food industry due to its gelling and viscosity increasing properties. Physical properties of pectin are highly dependent on its esterification degree. Waxes are commonly used as edible coatings to enhance the water barrier properties of food products. This study focuses on preparing emulsions with sunflower oil wax (SFW) and high methoxyl pectin (HMP) at ...
Citation Formats
S. G. Şümnü, S. Şahin, and V. Rakesh, “Transport and related properties of breads baked using various heating modes,” JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, pp. 1382–1387, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: