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A generalisation of the Morse inequalities

In this paper we construct a family of variational families for a Legendrian embedding, into the 1-jet bundle of a closed manifold, that can be obtained from the zero section through Legendrian embeddings, by discretising the action functional. We compute the second variation of a generating function obtained as above at a nondegenerate critical point and prove a formula relating the signature of the second variation to the Maslov index as the mesh goes to zero. We use this to prove a generalisation of the Morse inequalities thus refining a theorem of Chekanov.