Uniform and nonuniform V-shaped planar arrays for 2-D direction-of-arrival estimation

In this paper, isotropic and directional uniform and nonuniform V-shaped arrays are considered for azimuth and elevation direction-of-arrival (DOA) angle estimation simultaneously. It is shown that the uniform isotropic V-shaped arrays (UI V arrays) have no angle coupling between the azimuth and elevation DOA. The design of the UI V arrays is investigated, and closed form expressions are presented for the parameters of the UI V arrays and nonuniform V arrays. These expressions allow one to find the isotropic V angle for different array types. The DOA performance of the UI V array is compared with the uniform circular array (UCA) for correlated signals and in case of mutual coupling between array elements. The modeling error for the sensor positions is also investigated. It is shown that V array and circular array have similar robustness for the position errors while the performance of UI V array is better than the UCA for correlated source signals and when there is mutual coupling. Nonuniform V-shaped isotropic arrays are investigated which allow good DOA performance with limited number of sensors. Furthermore, a new design method for the directional V-shaped arrays is proposed. This method is based on the Cramer-Rao Bound for joint estimation where the angle coupling effect between the azimuth and elevation DOA angles is taken into account. The design method finds an optimum angle between the linear subarrays of the V array. The proposed method can be used to obtain directional arrays with significantly better DOA performance.


ALTINTAS, A; BUYUKDURA, OM; PATHAK, PH (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 1994-11-01)
A correction to the Kirchhoff-Huygens approximation in the format of a diffraction coefficient is derived for an aperture terminated by a half plane. As in the physical theory of diffraction (PTD), this is achieved by considering the end point contribution to the aperture integral. It is seen that when the aperture is taken as conformal with the surface of the half plane, the conventional PTD result is obtained.
Improving the accuracy of the magnetic field integral equation with the linear-linear basis functions
Ergül, Özgür Salih (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2006-07-18)
[ 1] Basis functions with linear variations are investigated in terms of the accuracy of the magnetic field integral equation (MFIE) and the combined-field integral equation (CFIE), on the basis of recent reports indicating the inaccuracy of the MFIE. Electromagnetic scattering problems involving conducting targets with arbitrary geometries, closed surfaces, and planar triangulations are considered. Specifically, two functions with linear variations along the triangulation edges in both tangential and norma...
Sectorized approach and measurement reduction for mutual coupling calibration of non-omnidirectional antenna arrays
Aksoy, Taylan; Tuncer, Temel Engin (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-03-01)
Mutual coupling calibration is an important problem for antenna arrays. There are different methods proposed for omnidirectional antennas in the literature. However, many practical antennas have non-omnidirectional (NOD) characteristics. Hence, the previous mutual coupling calibration methods cannot be applied directly since the mutual coupling matrix of an NOD antenna array has angular dependency. In this paper, a sectorized approach is proposed with a transformation matrix for mutual coupling calibration ...
A fast and automatically paired 2-D direction-of-arrival estimation with and without estimating the mutual coupling coefficients
Filik, Tansu; Tuncer, Temel Engin (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-06-26)
A new technique is proposed for the solution of pairing problem which is observed when fast algorithms are used for two-dimensional (2-D) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation. Proposed method is integrated with array interpolation for efficient use of antenna elements. Two virtual arrays are generated which are positioned accordingly with respect to the real array. ESPRIT algorithm is used by employing both the real and virtual arrays. The eigenvalues of the rotational transformation matrix have the angle ...
Modeling and synthesis of circular-sectoral arrays of log-periodic antennas using multilevel fast multipole algorithm and genetic algorithms
Ergül, Özgür Salih (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2007-06-19)
Circular-sectoral arrays of log-periodic (LP) antennas are presented for frequency-independent operation and beam-steering capability. Specifically, nonplanar trapezoidal tooth LP antennas are considered in a circular array configuration, where closely spaced antennas occupy a sector of the circle. Electromagnetic interactions of the array elements, each of which is a complicated LP antenna structure, are rigorously computed with the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA). Genetic algorithms (GAs) are ...
Citation Formats
T. Filik and T. E. Tuncer, “Uniform and nonuniform V-shaped planar arrays for 2-D direction-of-arrival estimation,” RADIO SCIENCE, pp. 0–0, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/48581.