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Changes in functional properties and in vitro bioaccessibilities of beta-carotene and lutein after extrusion processing

Ortak, Melda
Caltinoglu, Cagla
Şensoy, İlkay
Karakaya, Sibel
Mert, Behiç
In this research, carrot pulp was added to traditional snack made from corn-grit. As the biological activity of carotenoids in the body depends on their bioaccessibility, change in carotenoid bioaccessibility during extrusion processing was investigated. In addition, phenolic content, antioxidant activity, beta-carotene and lutein contents were investigated before and after the extrusion process. Two different temperature profiles were used for extrusion process. In-vitro bioaccessibilities of beta-carotene and lutein increased by extrusion, beta-carotene at both temperature profiles while lutein only at higher temperature profile. Extrusion decreased the antioxidant activity, total phenolic, beta-carotene and lutein contents. Results suggest that even though amount of functional components decrease, in vitro bioaccessibility could be enhanced by extrusion. Therefore, carrot pulp can successfully be added as a functional ingredient to extrudated.