Procedure for short-lived particle detection in the OPERA experiment and its application to charm decays

Agafonova, N.
Aleksandrov, A.
Anokhina, A.
Aoki, S.
Ariga, A.
Ariga, T.
Bender, D.
Bertolin, A.
Bozza, C.
Brugnera, R.
Buonaura, A.
Buontempo, S.
Buettner, B.
Chernyavsky, M.
Chukanov, A.
Consiglio, L.
D'Ambrosio, N.
De Lellis, G.
De Serio, M.
Sanchez, P. Del Amo
Di Crescenzo, A.
Di Ferdinando, D.
Di Marco, N.
Dmitrievski, S.
Dracos, M.
Duchesneau, D.
Dusini, S.
Dzhatdoev, T.
Ebert, J.
Ereditato, A.
Fini, R. A.
Fukuda, T.
Galati, G.
Garfagnini, A.
Giacomelli, G.
Goellnitz, C.
Goldberg, J.
Gornushkin, Y.
Grella, G.
Güler, Ali Murat
Gustavino, C.
Hagner, C.
Hara, T.
Hollnagel, A.
Hosseini, B.
Ishida, H.
Ishiguro, K.
Jakovcic, K.
Jollet, C.
Kamiscioglu, C.
Kamiscioglu, M.
Kawada, J.
Kim, J. H.
Kim, S. H.
Kitagawa, N.
Klicek, B.
Kodama, K.
Komatsu, M.
Kose, U.
Kreslo, I.
Lauria, A.
Lenkeit, J.
Ljubicic, A.
Longhin, A.
Loverre, P.
Malgin, A.
Malenica, M.
Mandrioli, G.
Matsuo, T.
Matveev, V.
Mauri, N.
Medinaceli, E.
Meregaglia, A.
Mikado, S.
Monacelli, P.
Montesi, M. C.
Morishima, K.
Muciaccia, M. T.
Naganawa, N.
Naka, T.
Nakamura, M.
Nakano, T.
Nakatsuka, Y.
Niwa, K.
Ogawa, S.
Okateva, N.
Olshevsky, A.
Omura, T.
Ozaki, K.
Paoloni, A.
Park, B. D.
Park, I. G.
Pasqualini, L.
Pastore, A.
Patrizii, L.
Pessard, H.
Pistillo, C.
Podgrudkov, D.
Polukhina, N.
Pozzato, M.
Pupilli, F.
Roda, M.
Rokujo, H.
Roganova, T.
Rosa, G.
Ryazhskaya, O.
Sato, O.
Schembri, A.
Shakiryanova, I.
Shchedrina, T.
Sheshukov, A.
Shibuya, H.
Shiraishi, T.
Shoziyoev, G.
Simone, S.
Sioli, M.
Sirignano, C.
Sirri, G.
Spinetti, M.
Stanco, L.
Starkov, N.
Stellacci, S. M.
Stipcevic, M.
Strauss, T.
Strolin, P.
Takahashi, S.
Tenti, M.
Terranova, F.
Tioukov, V.
Tufanli, S.
Vilain, P.
Vladimirov, M.
Votano, L.
Vuilleumier, J. L.
Wilquet, G.
Wonsak, B.
Yoon, C. S.
Zemskova, S.
Zghiche, A.
The OPERA experiment, designed to perform the first observation of nu(mu) -> nu(tau) oscillations in appearance mode through the detection of the tau leptons produced in nu(tau) charged current interactions, has collected data from 2008 to 2012. In the present paper, the procedure developed to detect tau particle decays, occurring over distances of the order of 1 mm from the neutrino interaction point, is described in detail and applied to the search for charmed hadrons, showing similar decay topologies as the tau lepton. In the analysed sample, 50 charm decay candidate events are observed while 54 +/- 4 are expected, proving that the detector performance and the analysis chain applied to neutrino events are well reproduced by the OPERA simulation and thus validating the methods for nu(tau) appearance detection.


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Özdemir, Enver Doruk; Aksel, Mehmet Haluk; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2005)
The aim of this study is to simulate the unsteady flow around rotating or oscillating airfoils. This will help to understand the rotor aerodynamics, which is essential in turbines and propellers. In this study, a pre-existing Euler solver with finite volume method that is developed in the Mechanical Engineering Department of Middle East Technical University (METU) is improved. This structured pre-existing code was developed for 2-D internal flows with Lax-Wendroff scheme. The improvement consist of firstly,...
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The OPERA experiment reached its main goal by proving the appearance of nu(tau) in the CNGS nu(mu) beam. Five nu(tau) candidates fulfilling the analysis defined in the proposal were detected with a S/B ratio of about ten allowing to reject the null hypothesis at 5.1 sigma. The search has been extended by loosening the selection criteria in order to obtain a statistically enhanced, lower purity, signal sample. One such interesting neutrino interaction with a double vertex topology having a high probability o...
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Agafonova, N.; et. al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-01-24)
The OPERA experiment was designed to search for nu(mu) -> nu(tau) oscillations in appearance mode through the direct observation of tau neutrinos in the CNGS neutrino beam. In this paper, we report a study of the multiplicity of charged particles produced in charged-current neutrino interactions in lead. We present charged hadron average multiplicities, their dispersion and investigate the KNO scaling in different kinematical regions. The results are presented in detail in the form of tables that can be use...
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The OPERA experiment was designed to search for nu(mu) -> nu(tau) oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., by detecting the tau leptons produced in charged current nu(tau) interactions. The experiment took data from 2008 to 2012 in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam. The observation of the nu(mu) -> nu(tau) appearance, achieved with four candidate events in a subsample of the data, was previously reported. In this Letter, a fifth nu(tau) candidate event, found in an enlarged data sample, is described. Toge...
Study of electron identification in the opera detector
Bay, M. Fatih; Güler, Ali Murat; Department of Physics (2008)
The OPERA experiment is designed to perform first direct observation of $\nu_{\tau}$ appearance in an almost pure $\nu_{\mu}$ beam. The OPERA detector is a hybrid set-up which combines a lead/emulsion target with various electronic detectors. It is located in Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS), 730 km away from CERN where neutrino beam is produced. A good electron identification in the ECC brick would also allow OPERA to search for $\nu_{\mu}\rightarrow\nu_{e}$ oscillations. We have studied electron identificatio...
Citation Formats
N. Agafonova et al., “Procedure for short-lived particle detection in the OPERA experiment and its application to charm decays,” EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C, pp. 0–0, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: