Shifts to structurally new political formations or at times even governmental changes usually engender new representations of the past. This process generally involves the creation of official national histories or revisions to the existing narratives. These histories are ultimately tied to collective memory engineering and identity building to legitimize the new political formations and to ensure loyalty to them. Public education mostly provides a vital channel for the dissemination and the validation of the collective memory sanctioned by the ruling elite. The rise of the Turkish Republic as a nation-state and the national historiography and educational system it established during the 1930s exemplify one of such cases. The consensus opinion in current scholarship argues that the early official historiography virtually circumvented the Ottoman and Islamic eras by curbing or even repealing their role by favoring strong accent on a remote pre-Islamic Turkish past. Although this view is warranted with regard to the state's primary ideological emphasis on Turkishness, this approach at the same time misses the intricate subtleties involved in the official national narrative and potentially indicates a total exclusion or denunciation of these subjects. This article aims to assess the new national historical narrative reproduced in the new history textbooks in a more nuanced way with an exclusive concentration on the ideology, religion and history education triangulum. It aspires to unveil what it articulated about the supposedly avoided topic of the Islamic past and especially focus on the officially endorsed view of Islam as a religion.


The 'Kurdish question' in Turkey From the Perspectives of Kurdish University students
Effeney, Elizabeth; Erdemir, Aykan; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis is concerned with extrapolating some central issues of the so-called “Kurdish Question” in the Republic of Turkey by applying political anthropological theory and methodologies. It attempts to guage the political identities of five Kurdish University students and understand their perspectives on what constitutes and propogates Kurdish political discontents in the Republic. The following research questions have been addressed: How is Turkey‟s “Kurdish question” (Kürt Meselesi) perceived and defin...
The impact of Tanzimat policies on the 19th century civil turmoil in the Vilayet of Şam and the 1860 civil war in Lebanon
Atakul, Sarper; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2012)
The Tanzimat period had been an era of political change and transformation for the Ottoman Empire as it introduced many new new tools in political arena, particularly to reach centralization and the whole period is widely debated in many successful studies. However, the implementation of the Tanzimat reforms in specific provinces are generally ignored. Similarly, 19th century civil turmoil in the Syrian provinces of the Ottoman Empire had been a subject that discussed frequently. However, in many studies th...
The political economy of development in a historical context : international and Turkish experiences
Baysoy, Emre; Bedirhanoğlu Toker, Pınar; Department of International Relations (2006)
The issue of development has generally been perceived as an economic and technical process with little or no relevance to political issues. In contrast to this general understanding, this study aims to underline that development is a complex and primarily a political process. In support of this argument, the study overviews historically the changing meanings as well as ideologies of development since the 19th century with a particular focus on the Turkish case. By doing so, it attempts to recall the idea of...
The Evolution of National Identity and Nationalism in Azerbaijan (1900-2018)
Guliyeva, Narmin; Ergun Özbolat, Ayça; Department of Sociology (2022-9-22)
The de- and re-construction of national identity have been accelerated in Azerbaijan since the fall of the Soviet Union thanks to which Azerbaijan emerged as an independent nation-state. Azerbaijanism has been promulgated to be the main backbone of state official ideology since independence, except for a short time of Turkism. Though a quarter of a century has passed since the elites started formulating the national identity, it is still incomplete and there from time to time emerges questions about the pro...
The impact of politics and ideology in transformation of heritage values: Hacı Bayram District in Ankara, Turkey
Özçakır, Özgün; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Mıgnosa, Anna (null; 2017-05-30)
The interpretation of cultural heritage is often influenced by politics and ideology. Depending on prevailing ideology, ways of intervening on cultural heritage places can change. Today, in Turkey heritage places are subject to interventions through urban transformation projects. These interventions may lead to changes, even destructions of socio-cultural values due to the emphasis on political, economic, ideological and religious motivations of decision makers. “Hacı Bayram District” in Ankara is represent...
Citation Formats
Ş. A. Zorlu Durukan, ““THE RELIGION OF MUHAMMAD”: EARLY TURKISH REPUBLICAN IDEOLOGY AND THE OFFICIAL VIEW OF ISLAM IN 1930S HISTORY TEXTBOOKS,” JOURNAL FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGIONS AND IDEOLOGIES, pp. 22–51, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/55134.