Probabilistic Stability Evaluation of Oppstadhornet Rock Slope, Norway

Düzgün, Hafize Şebnem
Bhasin, R. K.
Probabilistic analyses provide rational means to treat the uncertainties associated with underlying parameters in a systematic manner. The stability of a 734-m-high jointed rock slope in the west of Norway, the Oppstadhornet rock slope, is investigated by using a probabilistic method. The first-order reliability method (FORM) is used for probabilistic modeling of the plane failure problem in the rock slope. The Barton-Bandis (BB) shear strength criterion is used for the limit state equation. The statistical distributions of the BB criterion parameters, for which comprehensive data were collected and statistically analyzed, are determined by using distribution fitting algorithms. The sensitivity of the FORM model for the BB criterion is also investigated. It is found that the model is most sensitive to the mean value of the residual friction angle (I center dot (r)) and least sensitive to the mean value of the slope angle (beta (f)). It is also found that the standard deviation of joint compressive strength (JCS) causes the greatest difference in the reliability index, which has the least sensitivity to the change in the mean and standard deviation of joint roughness coefficient (JRC).


Earthquake fault rupture - Shallow foundation interaction in undrained soils: A simplified analytical approach
Yılmaz, Mustafa Tolga (Wiley, 2007-01-01)
The interaction between normal or reverse fault ruptures and shallow foundations resting on a homogeneous undrained soil layer is investigated. After performing a thorough set of non-linear finite element simulations, three simple kinematic mechanisms are proposed to predict the conditions for the fault rupture to be diverted by the foundation. The results obtained by both numerical and analytical approaches are in good agreement, and support the adequacy of the proposed mechanisms.
Evaluation of displacement coefficient method for seismically retrofitted buildings with various ductility capacities
Dicleli, Murat (Wiley, 2014-07-25)
This research study is aimed at evaluating the accuracy of the displacement coefficient method (DCM) of FEMA 440 and associated nonlinear static procedure (NLSP) for actual buildings with soft story mechanism and various ductility capacities. The DCM and associated NLSP are evaluated using two existing seismically vulnerable buildings with soft story mechanism. The buildings are first retrofitted using a ductile steel-brace-link system to represent those with good ductility capacity and then retrofitted wit...
Probabilistic Model for the Assessment of Cyclically Induced Reconsolidation (Volumetric) Settlements
Çetin, Kemal Önder; Wu, Jiaer; Kammerer, Annie M.; Seed, Raymond B. (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2009-03-01)
A maximum likelihood framework for the probabilistic assessment of cyclically induced reconsolidation settlements of saturated cohesionless soil sites is described. For this purpose, over 200 case history sites were carefully studied. After screening for data quality and completeness, the resulting database is composed of 49 high-quality, cyclically induced ground settlement case histories from seven different earthquakes. For these case history sites, settlement predictions by currently available methods o...
Vertical spatial correlation length based on standard penetration tests
Oguz, Emir Ahmet; Huvaj Sarıhan, Nejan; Griffiths, D. V. (Informa UK Limited, 2019-01-02)
The spatial correlation length (SCL), or the scale of fluctuation, is a parameter for describing the spatial variability of soil and one of the important parameters used in random field theory. Studies reporting the spatial correlation length based on real field data of offshore/nearshore sea bottom soils are rather limited in the literature, so in this study, the vertical spatial correlation length is determined using site investigation data from two sites of the southern coast of Turkey. Based on quite ex...
Comparison of suction and oedometer methods for the measurement of swell pressure
Cokca, E (Geological Society of London, 2000-05-01)
In this paper, a thermocouple psychrometric technique is used to measure soil suction and assess the reliability of a swell pressure prediction method. Kaolinite-bentonite clay mixtures were prepared to obtain expansive soils with a wide range of plasticities. Suction measurements using thermocouple psychrometers and constant volume swell tests in oedometers were made on statically compacted :specimens. Soil suction-water content relationships were evaluated. The results indicate a linear relationship betwe...
Citation Formats
H. Ş. Düzgün and R. K. Bhasin, “Probabilistic Stability Evaluation of Oppstadhornet Rock Slope, Norway,” ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING, pp. 729–749, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: