Phenomenological morphology design of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite solar cell for high efficiency and less hysteresis

Ameri, Mohsen
Ghaffarkani, Mashhood
Ghahrizjani, Reza Taheri
Safari, Nasser
Mohajerani, Ezeddin
In this report, a modeling approach is employed to study the effect of the grain boundaries (GBs) and their electronic activity on the performance parameters of the perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Our model is based on the 1- dimensional drift-diffusion framework to engage the electron (hole) defects formed in the GBs and the GB's location through the perovskite layer. Power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the PSC is optimized with regards to the perovskite layer thickness, GBs location and perovskite layer band offset with GBs layer. The results shows that the location or the distribution of the GBs can vary the PCE of PSCs from 12% to around 21%, thereby making proper morphology engineering and passivation of GBs is a chief requirement for achieving high efficiency. PCEs larger than 21% require GB defect densities below 10(15) cm(-2). It is demonstrated that the band offset of about 100 meV with GB width of 1 nm could effectively suppress the negative impact of the GBs throughout the entire perovskite layer. Interestingly, GBs location at closer points to electron transport layer (ETL)/perovskite interface may give rise to higher PCEs, however, relatively stronger hysteresis in current values is observed. The results here provide insight into the effect of the GBs location and their corresponding type of defects on the hysteresis and the PSC performance and opens up new horizons to find solutions for current PSC's shortcomings.


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We report on the photophysical properties and photovoltaic performance of a polythiophene derivative, poly-2,3-bis(4-tert-butylphenyl)-5,8-bis(4-hexylthiophen-2-yl)quinoxaline(PHTQ) as an electron donor in bulk heterojunction Solar Cells blended with the acceptor 1-(3-met hoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl-[6,6]-methanofullerence (PCBM). Devices were composed of PHTQ and varying amounts of PCBM (1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 w-w ratio). The components were spin cast from ortho-dichlorobenzene (ODCB) and characterized by mea...
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Limited air stability circumvents the outstanding properties of the PbTe quantum dots (QDs) and hinders its utilization in the field of optoelectronics. In this respect, we present a detailed understanding on the instability of the PbTe QDs and develop a combinatorial passivation protocol based on engineering the QD surface during the growth phase and solid state ligand exchange process. The dual passivation approach yields thin films and solar cells with outstanding stabilities under ambient conditions. Pr...
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The performance characteristics of two photo-electrochemical cells with different cell configurations were investigated at 25 degrees C and within the illumination range of 70-100 W/m(2). These cells included a jacketed single cell (JSC) and a jacketed two-compartment cell (JTC). Ni-mesh was used as a counter electrode and as a backing material for semiconductor electrodes. Semiconductor electrodes were prepared by silk-screen painting technique using TiO2, WO3, PbO, Sb2S3, ZnO, Al2O3 or CuO powder mixed wi...
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Performance of crystalline Silicon solar cells depends on numerous factors. One key factor is a surface structure which can restrict electrical and optical properties due to recombination of generated carriers and reflection of incident light. Surface texturing reduces reflection from a flat surface which increases absorption of light. Anisotropic alkaline etchants are commonly used for texturing mono-crystalline Silicon wafers which produce pyramid structures on the surface. Because of randomly oriented cr...
Citation Formats
M. Ameri, M. Ghaffarkani, R. T. Ghahrizjani, N. Safari, and E. Mohajerani, “Phenomenological morphology design of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite solar cell for high efficiency and less hysteresis,” SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, pp. 0–0, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: