U-shaped frequency selective surfaces for single- and dual-band applications together with absorber and sensor configurations

Bakir, Mehmet
Dincer, Furkan
Sabah, Cumali
In this study, the frequency selective surface (FSS), absorbance and sensing applications of new unit cells comprised of single, double and quad U-shaped metallic elements are numerically and experimentally investigated. The numerical results are realised by using finite integration technique-based electromagnetic simulation software, CST Microwave Studio. Experimental results are obtained by means of Agilent N5234A PNA-L vector network analyser. The simulated and measured results of U-shaped FSSs are carried out by using two different ways; periodic unit cell and waveguide boundary conditions. The single and quad U-shaped FSS elements show a single band-stop filter property, whereas the double U-shaped FSS shows a dual-frequency band-stop filter behaviour. Absorber and sensor applications of the proposed U-shaped FSSs are illustrated both numerically and experimentally. The three types of U-shaped FSS structures show a narrowband absorbance which has potential in biomedical and sensing applications. Single and dual absorber characteristics are observed with a 90% absorbance. For the sensor configuration, 800 MHz bandwidth is obtained for sensing different materials showing that it is possible to realise different microwave sensor studies in industries of food and agriculture. Simulated and measured results are compared for FSS, absorber and sensor configurations, and the results show a good agreement with each other.


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Reflection and transmission properties of a new type of frequency selective surface (FSS) made of zigzag metallic elements placed periodically on a dielectric substrate are investigated theoretically for arbitrary polarisation. The electric field integral equation technique with the subdomain overlapping piecewise sinusoidal basis functions are employed to compute the unknown current coefficients induced on the metallic elements. The zigzag FSS arrays act as a low-pass filter in S-(1-5 GHz), X-(8-12 GHz) an...
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A novel metamaterial sensor, integrated with an X-band waveguide, is proposed for high-resolution measurements of variations in the dielectric constant and/or the thickness of a superstrate layer that covers a pair of absorber unit cells. Variations in superstrate parameters are potentially caused by physical, chemical or biological factors, and can be detected by measuring the corresponding shifts in the resonance frequency of the metamaterial sensor. It is estimated by simulation results that resolution l...
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In this study, the dispersion relation and the frequency dependence of Bloch impedance in a left handed transmission line (LH-TL) is carried out using the F-matrix formulation and Bloch-Floquet theorem. The artificial LH-TL formed by periodic lumped elements is described and the F-matrix, dispersion relation and the Bloch impedance are formulated according to this description. Numerical results for lossless and lossy LH-TL are presented and discussed.
Triple stub circuit topology as simultaneous insertion phase, amplitude and impedance control circuit for phased array applications
Unlu, M.; Demir, Şimşek; Akın, Tayfun (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2012-10-23)
This study shows that the well-known triple stub circuit topology can also be used for controlling the insertion phase and amplitude of a given signal simultaneously, as well as preserving its impedance transformation ability. The triple stub circuit topology, which is nothing but an extension of the conventional double stub loaded-line phase shifter, results in one more degree of freedom to its solution when it is solved for its insertion phase. This additional degree of freedom not only brings the impedan...
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Turkmen, O.; EKMEKÇİ, Evren; Sayan, Gönül (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2012-07-17)
In this study, a novel metamaterial topology, called M-band nested U-ring resonator (M-NURR), is proposed to provide multiple band operation with an electrically small and geometrically simple unit cell design. The M-NURR unit cell has M-nested and unconnected U-shaped metal rings printed on a dielectric substrate where each ring is primarily associated with a distinct LC type resonance frequency where L and C stand for inductance and capacitance, respectively. Therefore this M-NURR topology has the novel p...
Citation Formats
M. Bakir, K. DELİHACIOĞLU, M. KARAASLAN, F. Dincer, and C. Sabah, “U-shaped frequency selective surfaces for single- and dual-band applications together with absorber and sensor configurations,” IET MICROWAVES ANTENNAS & PROPAGATION, pp. 293–300, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/68025.