Identification and Elucidation of the Designing and Operational Issues of Trickling Filter Systems for Wastewater Treatment

Ali, Imran
Khan, Zahid M.
Peng, Changsheng
Naz, Iffat
Sultan, Muhammad
Ali, Mohsin
Mahmood, Muhammad H.
Niaz, Yasir
Water pollution has become a major environmental concern for public and environmental health in developing countries. Water resources are being contaminated mainly due to mixing of domestic, municipal, and industrial wastewaters. The wastewater management and treatment situation is deplorable mainly because of financial constraints, the unavailability of technically trained human resources, and electricity shortages. Moreover, there is a challenge for the scientific community and wastewater management experts to explore cost-effective, simple, reliable, and efficient wastewater treatment systems. Therefore, the present review highlights the option of trickling filter (TF) systems for wastewater treatment in developing countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and African regions, etc. In addition, the solutions to the operational/performance issues of the TF system are explored and discussed in greater detail for designing/construction of new TF systems and retrofitting the existing TFs.


Development of a glutathione-S-transferase-based biosensor for the detection of heavy metals
Saatçi, Ebru; İşcan, Mesude; Department of Biochemistry (2005)
In the recent years, environmental pollution becomes a health threatening issue for human beings. Technological developments introduce industrial wastes and heavy metals, and developments in agriculture introduce pesticides into the world that we live. All these toxic wastes accumulate in drinking water and food consumed by humans. Therefore, detection of toxic wastes in all kinds of environmental samples, and development of new detection techniques become an important issue. In this study, development of a...
Modeling off a large-scale wastewater treatment plant for efficient operation
Gökçay, Celal Ferdi; Sin, Gürkan (2004-01-01)
Environmental legislations in the Western world impose stringent effluent quality standards for ultimate protection of the environment. This is also observed in Turkey. The current paper presents efforts made to simulate an existing 0.77 million m(3)/day conventional activated sludge plant located at Ankara, AWTP. The ASM1 model was used for simulation in this study. The model contains numerous stoichiometric and kinetic parameters, some of which need to be determined on case by case bases. The easily degra...
Computer modeling of blowback oil consumption in internal engines
Bilge, Egemen; Dursunkaya, Zafer; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2009)
Environmental pollution is an important problem of our world. Governments are aware of this problem and emission regulations are continuously improved. One of the strictest regulations is about unburned and burned hydrocarbon emissions. In internal combustion engines the origin of the burned and unburned hydrocarbons is fuel and engine oil. As a result of the sanctions and the necessity of improved combustion performance of the engine, manufacturers work on manufacturing technology and engine tribology. Wit...
Evaluating the health risks of potentially toxic elements through wheat consumption in multi-industrial metropolis of Faisalabad, Pakistan
Abbas, Qumber; Yousaf, Balal; Liu, Guijian; Zia-ur-Rehman, Muhammad; Ali, Muhammad Ubaid; Munir, Mehr Ahmed Mujtaba; Hussain, Syed Arif (2017-12-01)
Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) pollution is the fastest growing concern around the entire globe especially in developing countries. Rapid industrialization and urbanization are the dominant sources of anthropogenic soil-food chain contamination with PTEs. The intent of current study was to investigate the interactive levels of Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in soil and their accumulation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) samples collected from 96 sites including industrial, urban, and peri-urban areas of a lea...
Environmental Applications of Natural Zeolites
Kazemian, Hossein; Gedik, Kadir; İmamoğlu, İpek (2012-01-01)
Environmental pollution particularly at very low concentrations is very difficult to remove from contaminated media. Adsorption by means of relatively inexpensive natural adsorbents such as zeolites can be considered as a cost effective alternative treatment of such contaminated streams. The unique chemical and structural characteristics of natural zeolites made them potential materials for a multitude of environmental applications where materials are needed for effective binding, adsorbing, and filtering. ...
Citation Formats
I. Ali et al., Identification and Elucidation of the Designing and Operational Issues of Trickling Filter Systems for Wastewater Treatment. 2017, p. 2444.