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The Prognostic Value of Angiogenic Markers in Twin Pregnancies to Predict Delivery Due to Maternal Complications of Preeclampsia

2020-07-01
Binder, Julia
Palmrich, Pilar
Pateisky, Petra
Kalafat, Erkan
Kussel, Lorenz
Zeisler, Harald
Munkhbaatar, March
Windsperger, Karin
Thilaganathan, Basky
Khalil, Asma
The sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1), PlGF (placental growth factor), and their ratio are useful for predicting delivery because of preeclampsia in singleton pregnancies. Evidence on the utility of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in twin pregnancies is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for delivery because of preeclampsia in twins. A retrospective data analysis of 164 twin pregnancies with suspected preeclampsia was performed. The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, which was known to clinicians, was significantly higher in women who delivered within 1 and 2 weeks compared with those who did not (median: 98.9 and 84.2 versus 23.5 pg/mL, respectively;P0.100 for interaction). The area under the curve values of sFlt-1/PlGF were significantly higher than for PlGF alone (mean 0.88 and 0.88 versus 0.81 and 0.80) for predicting delivery because of preeclampsia within 1 and 2 weeks of blood sampling (P=0.055 and 0.001, respectively). sFlt-1/PlGF ratio lower than 38 was able to rule-out delivery within 1 and 2 weeks with a negative predictive value of 98.8% and 96.4% for delivery because of preeclampsia within 1 and 2 weeks, respectively. A cutoff of 38 is applicable for ruling out delivery because of preeclampsia in twin pregnancies.