Production of Potassium Titanate Whisker Reinforced Dental Composites

Kapusuz, Derya
Park, Jongee
Öztürk, Abdullah
Potassium titanate (K2O.nTiO2) whiskers (KTWs) were produced by sol-gel method and embedded into UDMA-TEGDMA resins to produce KTW reinforced composites that could be used for both anterior and posterior fillings. The effect Ti/K molar ratio on the chemical, structural and functional properties of the KTWs was investigated using XRD, HR-TEM, and BET analysis. Morphology and the surface properties of the KTWs rely on the Ti/K ratio. However, HR-TEM studies clarified that the KTWs grow along [110] axis regardless of Ti/K ratio. BET analysis revealed the presence of slit shaped meso-pores in the KTWs. The KTW reinforced composites were produced by mixing UDMA-TEGDMA resins at molar compositions of 30-70, 70-30, and 50-50 wt%, and by embedding 5 wt% KTW homogeneously into the mixtures. Photocatalytic activity of the KTWs and the KTW reinforced composites were evaluated through Methylene Blue degradation test. Photocatalytic activity of the composites decreased as Ti/K ratio is increased although it showed a tendency to increase in the KTWs with increasing Ti/K ratio. Meanwhile, the photocatalytic activity of the composites was superior to unreinforced resin mixtures. Mechanical properties namely, nanoindentation hardness and wear-rate of the bulk polymers enhanced significantly by KTW reinforcement.
Citation Formats
D. Kapusuz, J. Park, and A. Öztürk, “Production of Potassium Titanate Whisker Reinforced Dental Composites,” pp. 35–43, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: