Helium 3 distribution in western Turkey

1988-01-01
In this study, to investigate the mantle-crust interaction in Western Turkey, geothermal fluidsfrom various locations are analyzed for their 3He/4He ratios. The results reveal a mixing between mantle - and(continental) crustal - helium components. The distribution of mantle-helium, which is characterized by high3He/4He ratios, does not show any correlation with the spatial and/or temporal distribution of the surfacevolcanics in the region, but appears to be governed by the distribution of tectonic deformation. The lack of anycorrelation between the distribution of mantle-helium and surface volcanism suggests that helium, now degassingfrom mantle, has most probably entered the crust in association with the melts emplaced at deeper levels. Thefault systems of the present extensional tectonics are thought to have had an efficient role in the escape of heliumto the surface through the brittle parts of crust