Sedimentary records of earthquake-induced increase in sediment influx from lake catchments

Avşar, Ulaş
De Batist, Marc
Fagel, Nathalie
Lacustrine paleoseismological records from three small and shallow lakes (Yeniçaǧa, Ladik and Boraboy) located on the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey) are investigated. The high-resolution multi-proxy sedimentological analyses, as well as the precise sediment chronologies, allowed us to understand the sedimentological consequences of historically known paleoearthquakes. Accordingly, clastic layer intercalations within highly organic-rich background sedimentation are attributed to be the result of seismic shaking, which may increase the sediment yield from the catchment by shattering the landscape and triggering landslides. This kind of sedimentary traces are quite rare in the lacustrine paleoseismology literature. Even if seismic shaking may increase the sediment yield from the catchment, the existence of sedimentary traces of this increase depends on the catchment size relative to the lake size, i.e. small lakes having large catchments are expected to better record the catchment response. In order to make an overall comparison within the literature, the ratios of catchment area to lake area for 51 lakes were determined. Accordingly, it is found that the ratios of catchment area to lake area for Yeniçaǧa, Ladik and Boraboy lakes (i.e., 73, 52 and 81, respectively) are distinguishably higher than the average of the lakes in the lacustrine paleoseismology literature, which is around 17.5.


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The Late Quaternary sedimentation and structural features of the continental shelf of Antalya Bay (SW Turkey) have been investigated using a single channel high-resolution shallow profiling system. Two seismic units denoted as unit 1 and unit 2 bounded by two major unconformities (R-1 and R-2) have been identified. R-1 and R-2 are type-1 sequence boundaries that formed under sub-aerial conditions during the Late Quaternary sea level lowstands. An acoustic basement (AB) is recognized in the study region; it ...
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Multiproxy sedimentological analyses along 4.9 m-long sequence of Boraboy Lake, which is located on the central eastern part of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), reveal the sedimentary traces of past large earthquakes in the region. The lake has a relatively large catchment area (10 km(2)) compared to its size (0.12 km(2)), which renders sedimentation sensitive to heavy rain/storm events. Accordingly, the background sedimentation, which is composed of faintly laminated reddish/yellowish brown clayey silt, is...
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The Yılanlı Formation of Upper Devonian to Lower Carboniferous succession of the Zonguldak region were measured from Gökgöl section near Zonguldak city, NW Turkey. The studied section dominantly consists of limestone of grey – dark grey color with thin to thick beds of black shale and claystone. A variety of lithofacies identified in the studied section including limestone, dolomite, shale, claystone and mudstone. Nine microfacies are identified as grainstone, packstone, wackstone, mudstone, bindstone, ruds...
Citation Formats
U. Avşar, M. De Batist, and N. Fagel, “Sedimentary records of earthquake-induced increase in sediment influx from lake catchments,” presented at the Sedimentary records of earthquake-induced increase in sediment influx from lake catchments”, European Geosciences Union - General Assembly, 7 - 12 Nisan 2013, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: