The Power and Nature The Resistant Subversions

Erişen, Serdar
This is a study of the dominant power of governmental implementa=ons in spa=al prac=ces and their disregard for nature and its representa=onal values in the public sphere. It begins by making a brief men=on of the struggle for Gezi Park in Taksim Square and the reasons behind its rapid development into a social phenomenon. The ini=al emergence of the ac=vist movements in Taksim Gezi Park seem to have been a reac=on to the government-based deconstruc=on and construc=on processes and ac=ons for Taksim, as a place in the heart of the city that is well-known for social events, demonstra=ons and social ac=vi=es. The square was closed by the government, preven=ng the holding of such social ac=vi=es as the May 1 celebra=ons in 2013, despite Taksim Square being a symbol of May 1 for the demonstrators; and s=ll under re-construc=on processes, changing the spa=al organiza=on of the square. The destruc=ve nature of the government-based construc=on processes became a s=mula=ng phenomenon for the public when aoempts were made to remove the trees from Taksim Gezi Park, which was considered at the =me an act of violence of the governmental processes against the natural environment through its means and apparatuses. The government’s ac=ons spurred into ac=on not only ac=vists, but also many of the inhabitants of İstanbul and people all across Turkey, who saw Taksim Gezi Park as a unique social space for İstanbul, as a green area at the heart of the city. The sudden increase in ac=vism and demonstra=ons, not only in the city, but also across the whole country, depicted oneway management of the construc=on processes in Taksim, and the rising tension within society resul=ng from a lack of reconcilia=on and media=on between different poli=cal groups, thoughts and ideologies – in other words, the decreasing democra=c processes in the country in decision making that disregard nature and the associated public sphere. In this respect, Taksim Gezi Park becomes a symbolic and resistant space, not only for the ac=vists protes=ng the construc=on processes, but also for the poli=cal struggles that emerged as a result of power tests and nondemocra=c decision-making processes related to issues that concern the en=re na=on. It became a representa=ve social space of the resistance of a social movement, ar=culated through events, demonstra=ons and the physical bodies of the ac=vists as a result of the struggles between the security forces and the demonstrators. These ac=ons and reac=ons turned Taksim Gezi Park into a place, a space, for the resistance of ac=vists against the decreasing democracy. The park gained representa=onal meaning beyond its physical and cogni=ve values, based on the experiences, ac=ons and reac=ons as part of the poli=cal and social struggles, which came to spread across the en=re country. It becomes obligatory, in this sense, to ques=on the role of the space itself in poli=cal and social organiza=ons to re-iden=fy whether the space itself could be part of the social and poli=cal resistance. This study, in this sense, aims to understand ini=ally the meaning of social space and its dynamics, as constructed by the public sphere under the control of the government, its apparatuses and its sovereigns. The social meaning of spa=al prac=ce is reinforced by a discussion of the dialec=cal rela=onship between nature and subjec=vity, crea=ng their own dominant forces within themselves under the concept of spaces of resistance. In this regard, nature is not only a source for understanding the social sphere and its dynamics under poli=cal and ideological forces, but also its representa=onal power, as iden=fied within these socio-poli=cal and cultural struggles.
International Journal of Architecture and Urban Studies


The dynamics of the existence and the expansion of global capital in an unrecognized state: The case of multinational corporations and transnational corporations in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Demirel, Atay; Özdemir, Yonca; Political Science and International Relations (2019-8)
This thesis studies the dynamics of the existence and expansion of MNCs and TNCs, as the representatives of global capital, in the TRNC within the context of embargoes and non-recognition in the international area. By this way, a better understanding will be provided on what mechanisms the MNCs/TNCs use to expand their operations all over the world. In this regard, the main research questions of this thesis are; ‘What are the dynamics of the existence and expansion of global capital in the forms of MNCs and...
The dominance of the dollar and its sustainability in the international monetary system
Köse, Tekin; Ege, Aylin; Department of Economics (2008)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze and evaluate the dominance of the dollar and its sustainability in the international monetary system in the light of recent literature and relevant statistical data. Considering the determinants of an international currency, this thesis focuses on the linkages of the dominance of the dollar with the challenge of the euro as an alternative international currency, the current account deficit of the U.S. and foreign exchange reserve accumulation and reserve diversification ...
Atatürk Orman Çiftliği’nin Yönetim Ve Üretim Yapısındaki Değişimin Mekansal Dönüşümüne Etkisi
AYCI, Hilal (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2020-12)
Bu çalışma, AOÇ’nin yönetim ve üretim ilişkilerindeki değişimin mekana etkilerini ele almakta, ve bu değişiklikleri iktisadi siyasa süreçleri ile ilişkilendirerek değerlendirmeyi hedeflemektedir. AOÇ’nin mekansal dönüşümünün 1925-2017 yılları arasında ele alındığı bu çalışmada tarihsel süreç dönemselleştirilerek incelenmiştir. Bu dönemler hem küresel hem yerel bakış açısı ile belirlenen ve esas itibariyle AOÇ’nin yönetim yapısında meydana gelen değişimlerin belirleyici olduğu, üç kırılma noktası ile ele alı...
The new imperialism in Central and Eastern Europe
Doğan, Lütfi (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2020-12)
This study examines the Eastern enlargement of the European Union within the frame of imperialism. The existing literature on the Eastern enlargement has typically framed the transition of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) as “return to Europe” meaning their return to democracy, civil society and market economy. This perspective emphasizes that the enlargement has provided an integration of western and eastern parts of Europe. However, this study argues the Eastern enlargement has crystallized ...
The dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the emergence of a new interventionism
Buldanlıoğlu, Selver; Türkeş, Mustafa; Department of International Relations (2003)
This thesis aims to analyse the emergence of a new interventionism in the Post Cold War era characterised by the use of force and political means in order to reconstruct, on a selective basis, the 'failed' or 'disfunctioning' states which experienced economic and political crisis followed by social disturbances and gross human rights abuses. This cycle has become one of the most characteristic features in the post-Cold War international politics. It has become an important instrument in the ensurement of th...
Citation Formats
S. Erişen, “The Power and Nature The Resistant Subversions,” International Journal of Architecture and Urban Studies, pp. 33–40, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: