The role of cultural and individual factors in autobiographical memory development

This chapter focuses on the role of culture and self-construals in autobiographical memory development, with particular attention to mother-child reminiscing. Previous literature has demonstrated systematic findings regarding the characteristics of mother-child dyads that bear on children’s memory performance and are associated with differences in the construction of the self.We discuss the state of the field in terms of how self-construal is best conceptualized and include recent findings from studies of children in Turkey, Iran and Colombia. We note the importance of both individual differences within cultures and cross-cultural differences in self-construal, along with other factors, in explaining effects on mothers’ reminiscing style and autobiographical memory.


The Effect of maternal gatekeeping on shared past conversations through father involvement
Çoban, İlknur; Şahin Acar, Başak; Department of Psychology (2017)
The current study explored the relationship between maternal gatekeeping behavior and the characteristics of father-child memory conversations through the mediator role of father involvement. Father-child dyads reminisced about a shared past event, and both fathers’ and children’s level of elaborativeness in conversing about the shared past event was coded. Mothers filled out mother involvement and maternal gatekeeping scales, while fathers filled out father involvement and perceived maternal gatekeeping sc...
The development of narrative skills in Turkish-speaking children: A complexity approach
Ögel Balaban, Hale; Hohenberger, Annette (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-5-6)
The present study examines the development of plot, evaluative and syntactic complexity in children's narratives and its relationship with gender, ToM, executive function and linguistic recursive ability. One hundred and five Turkish-speaking children distributed across 4 age groups (four-, five-, seven-eight-, and ten-eleven-year-olds) and 15 adults participated in (a) Elicitation of Narratives Task, (b) Emotional Stroop Task, (c) First- or Second-Order ToM Task (depending on their age), (d) Real-Apparent ...
The Relationship between working memory, English (L2) and academic achievement in12-14 year-old Turkish students : the effect of age and gender
Çalışkanel, Gamze; Cedden, Gülay; Department of English Literature (2013)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between working memory, English as a second language and academic achievement of secondary school students between the ages of 12-14. The study also examines the effects of age and gender factors on working memory capacity and its relation with academic attainments. Data were collected from 12-14 year-old children (N=54) in two state secondary schools in Kırşehir, Turkey. Verbal working memory was assessed by a reading span (RS) test and a backward d...
The Effect of Death Anxiety and Age on Health-Promoting Behaviors: A Terror-Management Theory Perspective
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Simsek, Yeliz (Informa UK Limited, 2009-07-01)
The authors aimed to examine the effect of death anxiety on the reports of health-promoting behaviors and to determine the role of age in this relation using a terror-management theory perspective. Participants were 100 individuals from Young adult (those who were 20-35 years of age) and older adult (those who were 60 years of age and older) groups whom the authors assigned to the death anxiety or control conditions. The questionnaire set included a demographic information sheet and the Health-Promoting Lif...
The relationship between self concept structure and behavioral flexibility : a model relating cognitive structures to behavioral patterns
Engin, Elif; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2004)
Self-concept structure has been extensively studied in the literature especially with regard to its relationship with psychological adjustment. However, the behavioral outcomes of the cognitive structure of the self and the mechanisms through which the relationship between self-concept structure and psychological adjsutment operate are still to be maintained. This study offered that the two dimensions of self-concept structure, differention and integration, would be related to the two dimensions of behavior...
Citation Formats
B. Şahin Acar, The role of cultural and individual factors in autobiographical memory development. 2020.