Kara, Habibe
The number of children migrating alone or becoming unaccompanied or separated during and after their perilous journey has dramatically increased in recent years. Several reasons such as the desire to access to better living conditions including education and employment and economic prosperity or to have protection from violence, exploitation, or abuse keep forcing children to leave often without their parents the country where they live and seek new living spaces. As aliens and children, who lack parental protection, unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) face many challenges and dangers and are frequently subject to various human rights violations. Due to their vulnerability, international law has recognised their need for special care and to this end adopted several protection measures. In this regard, this thesis seeks to analyse whether international law and national practices provide adequate protection for UASC from violence, abuse, exploitation, and exclusion from fundamental rights. In this respect, it analyses several international legislative instruments related to and applicable to UASC, primarily the 1951 Refugee Convention the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which is the most widely ratified Convention in the world. It also addresses regional and soft law instruments on the issue. Accordingly, it argues that the developments in international law have contributed to enhanced protection of UASC. On the other hand, numerous severe challenges and shortcomings in international legislation and states' practices continue to threaten and undermine protecting and promoting UASC's rights.


Child protection and welfare: cultures, policies, and practices
Welbourne, Penelope; Dixon, John (2016-11-01)
Child protection and welfare have become international issues in a globalized world. Ideas about childhood and the upbringing of children vary widely, depending upon the prevailing economic, socio-cultural, religious, and political contexts. These have had dramatic effects on the way societies value children, and the role acquired by the state in their protection and advancing their well-being. Children, however, remain at risk. They are placed at risk by the breakdown of extended family systems as a result...
The role of child abuse and gender on loneliness among university students
Başoğlu, Emre; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz; Department of Educational Sciences (2019)
The main aim of the present study was to examine how well child abuse and gender could predict the loneliness of university students. There were 549 university students (189 male and 360 female) from Atatürk University who voluntarily participated in the research. The participants were selected through convenience sampling method. UCLA Loneliness Scale and The Scale of Child Abuse in the Family and demographic information form were utilized in paper-pencil format to the participants. A multiple linear regre...
Examining Fears of Turkish Children and Adolescents with Regard to Age, Gender and Socioeconomic Status
ERDUR BAKER, ÖZGÜR; Erdur Baker, Özgür (2012-05-12)
The aim of this study is to examine the nature and severity of children and adolescents fears with regard to age, gender and socioeconomic status in Turkey. 1315 children and adolescents (642 females and 673 males) between the ages of 8 and 18 from low and middle socioeconomic status were administered Turkish version of Fear Survey Schedule for Children (Serim-Yildiz & Erdur-Baker, in press). Female children at age 8 coming from low socioeconomic status reported the highest fear scores for all fear factors,...
The case of conditional cash transfer for education (ccte) programme for syrians and other refugee children: as a strategy for supporting education of refugee children
Çalık, Damla; Zırh, Besim Can; Department of Social Policy (2021-10-8)
Through the years, the number of people coming from Syria has increased, and now it is the 10th year of crisis, and Turkey is still known as "the country hosting the largest number of refugees in the world." The crucial point about this statistic is the striking fact that almost 50% of them are children, and almost 40% of them are out of school. Turkey expanded the national Conditional Cash Transfer for Education Programme to increase the schooling among refugee children, considering the economic vulnerabil...
Children's Perceptions and Definitions of Family in China, Ecuador, Turkey, and the United States
Qiu, Wei; Schvaneveldt, Paul L.; Şahin, Volkan (2013-09-01)
With rapid economic development and modernization, changes may be occurring among younger generations in regard to their attitudes towards family life and marriage. This research project is a cross-cultural comparison of how the broader social and cultural contexts have impacted the ways children perceive and define family functions, family structure, and roles within families. The sample included a total of 231 children aged 5 to 12 years and their parents from four countries: China, Ecuador, Turkey, and t...
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