Multi-time-scale input approaches for hourly-scale rainfall-runoff modeling based on recurrent neural networks

Ishida, Kei
Kiyama, Masato
Ercan, Ali
Amagasaki, Motoki
Tu, Tongbi
This study proposes two effective approaches to reduce the required computational time of the training process for time-series modeling through a recurrent neural network (RNN) using multi-time-scale time-series data as input. One approach provides coarse and fine temporal resolutions of the input time-series data to RNN in parallel. The other concatenates the coarse and fine temporal resolutions of the input time-series data over time before considering them as the input to RNN. In both approaches, first, the finer temporal resolution data are utilized to learn the fine temporal scale behavior of the target data. Then, coarser temporal resolution data are expected to capture long-duration dependencies between the input and target variables. The proposed approaches were implemented for hourly rainfall-runoff modeling at a snow-dominated watershed by employing a long short-term memory network, which is a type of RNN. Subsequently, the daily and hourly meteorological data were utilized as the input, and hourly flow discharge was considered as the target data. The results confirm that both of the proposed approaches can reduce the required computational time for the training of RNN significantly. Lastly, one of the proposed approaches improves the estimation accuracy considerably in addition to computational efficiency.


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ABSTR A C T This study investigates the relationships which deep learning methods can identify between the input and output data. As a case study, rainfall-runoff modeling in a snow-dominated watershed by means of a long short-term memory (LSTM) network is selected. Daily precipitation and mean air temperature were used as model input to estimate daily flow discharge. After model training and verification, two experimental simulations were con-ducted with hypothetical inputs instead of observed meteorologic...
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Citation Formats
K. Ishida, M. Kiyama, A. Ercan, M. Amagasaki, and T. Tu, “Multi-time-scale input approaches for hourly-scale rainfall-runoff modeling based on recurrent neural networks,” JOURNAL OF HYDROINFORMATICS, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1312–1324, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: