Stability of (N+1) -body fermion clusters in a multiband Hubbard model

Iskin, M.
Keleş, Ahmet
We start with a variational approach and derive a set of coupled integral equations for the bound states of N identical spin-↑ fermions and a single spin-↓ fermion in a generic multiband Hubbard Hamiltonian with an attractive on-site interaction. As an illustration, we apply our integral equations to the one-dimensional sawtooth lattice up to N≤3, i.e., to the (3+1)-body problem, and we reveal not only the presence of tetramer states in this two-band model but also their quasiflat dispersion when formed in a flat band. Furthermore, for N={4,5, »,10}, our density-matrix renormalization-group simulations and exact diagonalization suggest the presence of larger and larger multimers with lower and lower binding energies, conceivably without an upper bound on N. These peculiar (N+1)-body clusters are in sharp contrast with the exact results on the single-band linear-chain model where none of the N≥2 multimers appear. Hence their presence must be taken into account for a proper description of the many-body phenomena in flat-band systems, e.g., they may suppress superconductivity especially when there exists a large spin imbalance.
Physical Review A


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Citation Formats
M. Iskin and A. Keleş, “Stability of (N+1) -body fermion clusters in a multiband Hubbard model,” Physical Review A, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: