Colloidal Stabilization of Submicron-Sized Zeolite NaA in Ethanol-Water Mixtures for Nanostructuring into Thin Films and Nanofibers

Gözcü, Oğuz
Kayacı, H. Utkucan
Dou, Yibo
Zhang, Wenjing
Hedin, Niklas
Jasso-Salcedo, Alma B.
Kaiser, Andreas
Çınar, Simge
Despite the growing use of organic or mixed solvents in zeolite processing, most studies focus only on aqueous suspension systems. We investigated the colloidal characteristics of submicron-sized zeolite NaA in mixed ethanol-water solvents. The effects of the mixing ratio of solvents and various additives on the dispersion of the zeolite powders were studied. The zeolite NaA particles were destabilized in solvent mixtures at a high ethanol-to-water ratio, a reduction in the zeta potential was observed, and the destabilization was rationalized by the Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, Overbeek (DLVO) theory. An improved stabilization of the zeolite NaA suspensions was achieved in ethanol-rich solvent mixtures using nonionic low molecular weight organic additives, but not with their ionic counterparts such as anionic, cationic surfactants or inorganic acids or bases. Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-400 was found to be a good dispersant for the submicron-sized zeolite NaA particles in the ethanol-water mixtures, which was attributed to its interaction with the zeolite surface, leading to an increased zeta potential. The PEG-stabilized zeolite suspensions led to low suspension viscosities as well as uniform and consistent spin-coated films.


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Citation Formats
O. Gözcü et al., “Colloidal Stabilization of Submicron-Sized Zeolite NaA in Ethanol-Water Mixtures for Nanostructuring into Thin Films and Nanofibers,” Langmuir, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 192–203, 2023, Accessed: 00, 2023. [Online]. Available: