Clean energy transition in the Turkish power sector: A techno-economic analysis with a high-resolution power expansion model

The Turkish power sector achieved rapid growth after the 1990s in line with economic growth and beyond. However, domestic resources did not support this development and therefore resulted in a high dependency on imported fossil fuels. Furthermore, the governments were slow off the mark in introducing policies for increasing the share of renewable energy. Even late actions of the governments, as well as significant decreases in the cost of wind and especially solar technologies, have recently brought the Turkish power sector into a promising state. A large-scale generation-expansion power-system model (TR-Power) with a high temporal resolution (hours) is developed for the Turkish power generation sector. Several scenarios were analyzed to assess their environmental and economic impacts. The results indicate that a transition to a low-carbon power grid with around half of the electricity demand satisfied by renewable resources over 25 years would be possible, with annual investments of 3.97–6.88 billion in 2019 US$. Moreover, TR-Power indicates that the shadow price of CO2 emissions in the power sector will be around 17.1 and 33.8 $/per tCO2 by 2042, under 30% and 40% emission reduction targets relative to the reference scenario.
Utilities Policy


Renewable energy planning in Turkey with a focus on hydropower
Gök, Emre; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin; Department of Civil Engineering (2013)
As a country highly dependent on foreign fossil fuel sources, Turkey experiences many problems due to its increasing energy consumption in parallel with increasing population and rapid economic growth. Foreign fossil fuel dependency adversely affects sustainable development of the country by hindering its economic development. Because of this, renewable energy sources of the country should be evaluated and developed as soon as possible. Prioritization of the development of renewable energy sources to increa...
Balkusan Dam and HEPP : investigation of better alternatives to EİEİ formulation
Çetinkaya, Mehmet Akın; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin; Department of Civil Engineering (2013)
Due to the economic and social growth of Turkey, there is a rapid increase in energy demand. Turkey does not have sufficient natural gas and petroleum reserves; however, it has large hydropower potential. Hydropower is the most widely used form of renewable energy. To generate electricity between elevations 1500 m and 450 m on Balkusan Creek, General Directorate of Electrical Power Resources Survey and Development Administration (EIEI) conducted a feasibility study for a hydroelectric power plant (HEPP) com...
Statistical analysis of electricity energy consumption with respect to provinces in Turkey
Çakmak, Mehmet; Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan; İlk Dağ, Özlem; Department of Statistics (2014)
In recent years, the economic developments in Turkey, rapid increase in population and industrialization and such factors have led to an increment in the demand for electricity in Turkey. Therefore; the accurate estimation of electricity consumption will be important in determining the country's energy strategy. The purpose of this study is to forecast the future electricity energy consumption by acquiring the most consistent and accurate forecast models of the provinces in Turkey by using the fixed effects...
Mismatch of labor force and industry in Konya: analysis of structural and individual factors from employer’s perspective
Fenerli, Aydın; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Social Policy (2019)
Turkey has experienced a significant economic growth after 2002 and GDP increased along with growing sectors and increasing income. However, growth was not reflected in the labor market outcomes. This study focuses on causes of not increasing labor force participation in a rapidly growing economy of a province, aims to understand underlying reasons, and identifying areas that need to be addressed in future. The research and discussions were carried out on the case of Konya province, by focusing on industry ...
Transformative Impacts of High-Speed Railway (HSR) Stations on Urban Space: The Case of Ankara HSR Station
Songulen, Nazli; Memluk, Nihan Oya (2014-05-11)
Urban transformation became one of the premises on the urban agenda in Turkey, which was accelerated with the introduction of the neo-liberal policies in the 1980s and became apparent in the 2000s as rapid and massive urban transformations mainly held by macro-scaled public investments. In this regard, high-speed railway (HSR) systems, newly introduced to the Turkish case, appear as one of these macro-scale public investments. In this context, the European literature on HSR development projects reveals that...
Citation Formats
B. Kat, “Clean energy transition in the Turkish power sector: A techno-economic analysis with a high-resolution power expansion model,” Utilities Policy, vol. 82, pp. 0–0, 2023, Accessed: 00, 2023. [Online]. Available: