An analysis on technological development levels of the state-owned enterprises in Turkey

Türk, Tuğçe Gül
In Turkey, institutions whose capital is fully owned by the state, are defined as State-Owned Enterprises (SOE) with the Decree-Law numbered 233. It is important to ensure the continuity and strengthening of existing structures of SOEs due to their significant contribution to the Gross Domestic Product, employment, regional development as well as market and sector development in Turkey. In today's world where technological development is gaining importance, one of the most important steps for SOEs to keep up with the times and compete in free market conditions is to ensure their technological progress. In this thesis, the technological development levels of SOEs in Turkey are analyzed in the light of determined indicators existing in the literature. As a result of the analysis, it has been determined that the SOEs are in need to increase their capabilities in technological development. . It has been evaluated that the legislative restrictions, the duties and obligations given for social benefit, restricted employment policies and budgetary reasons may cause this need. It has been concluded that the need to adhere to many legal and traditional requirements can limit the fields of action of SOEs in Turkey, hinder their operational and budgetary independence, and create obstacles to technological progress. For this reason, there is a need to design new policies that will manage these restrictions and obstacles so that the SOEs maintain their competitive power; as diversifying the funding sources of technology and innovation activities, increasing support and incentives, enabling more flexible budget and employment regimes.
Citation Formats
T. G. Türk, “An analysis on technological development levels of the state-owned enterprises in Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2023.