Does social assistance facilitate youth female's exit from NEET?

Kaya, Hasan
This study examines whether social assistance currently implemented in Türkiye affect the dynamics of transition between various education and labor market statuses of young women. In addition to overall social benefits, the effects of various sub-breakdowns of social assistance were also analyzed for young women. For this purpose, we utilize from the Survey on Income and Living Conditions panel data of Turkstat for the period 2014-2021 and adopt Markov Matrices and Multinomial Logit methodology. The results of transition matrices method show that i) inactivity and high immobility in inactives is a problem for women, ii) among those who are not inactive, women are more likely to go into inactive status, iii) women are negatively differentiated in transition to education and employment, iv) transition dynamics are generally worse for women in beneficiary households. The results of multinomial logit method show that i) for young women of any status, there is no evidence that overall social benefits or any of their subdivisions are activating, ii) some forms of social assistance increase the likelihood that various groups will transition to passive NEET status, iii) some forms of social assistance reduce the possibility of passive NEET young women moving to other statuses, iv) active NEET status is the only status where social assistances do not have any effects. We find out that the desired activating feature of social assistance is not seen in the case of Türkiye for the young women. There are even disincentivizing effects for various statuses and various types of assistance.
Citation Formats
H. Kaya, “Does social assistance facilitate youth female’s exit from NEET?,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2023.