Export diversification in Turkey over time

Erlat, Güzin
Şahin, Banu
Turkey has went through an extensive policy change in 1980, moving from an import-substitution based growth policy to an export-oriented one. As a consequence, there was a great increase in Turkey's exports in the post-1980 period. This study concentrates on the divcrsification-of-cxports aspect of this increase. We first classified, for the period 1969-1993, industries into traditional and non-traditional export industries by means of a "traditionally index" and found that the resultant classification was not too different from what one would have obtained if one had, in a priori terms, classified primary goods as traditional and manufactured goods as non-traditional. Secondly, wc investigated if export composition underwent significant shifts during this period using short term, medium term and static measures of diversification. The findings from all three measures appear to indicate that there was substantial export diversification during the 1980-1986 period which was also the major export-expansion period. Thus, wc may conclude that the change in both growth policy and foreign trade regime brought about diversification in our exports.
Citation Formats
G. Erlat and B. Şahin, “Export diversification in Turkey over time,” ODTÜ Gelişme Dergisi, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 47–60, 1998, Accessed: 00, 2024. [Online]. Available: http://www2.feas.metu.edu.tr/metusd/ojs/index.php/metusd.