Abnormally low sensorimotor α band nonlinearity serves as an effective EEG biomarker of Parkinson’s disease

Biomarkers obtained from the neurophysiological signals of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have objective value in assessing their motor condition for effective diagnosis, monitoring, and clinical intervention. Prominent cortical biomarkers of PD have typically been derived from various β band wave features. This study approached the topic from an alternative perspective and attempted to estimate a recently suggested measure representing α band nonlinear autocorrelative memory from a publicly available EEG dataset that involves 15 patients with earlier-stage PD (dopaminergic medication OFF and ON states) and 16 age-matched healthy controls. The cortical nonlinearity was elevated for the PD ON state compared with the OFF state for bilateral sensorimotor channels C3 and C4 (n= 26;P= 0.003). A similar statistical difference was also identified between PD OFF state and healthy subjects (n= 26;P= 0.049). Analysis over all channels revealed that the α band nonlinearity induced upon medication was constrained to sensorimotor regions. The α nonlinearity measure was compared with a well-accepted cortical biomarker of β-γ phase-amplitude coupling (PAC). They were in moderate negative correlation (r= –0.412;P= 0.036) for only healthy subjects, but not for the patients. The nonlinearity measure was found to be insusceptible to the nonstationary variations within the particular data. Our study provides further evidence that the α band nonlinearity measure can serve as a promising cortical biomarker of PD. The suggested measure can be estimated from a noninvasive low-resolution single scalp EEG channel of patients with relatively early-stage PD, who did not yet need to undergo deep brain stimulation operation.
Citation Formats
T. E. Özkurt, “Abnormally low sensorimotor α band nonlinearity serves as an effective EEG biomarker of Parkinson’s disease,” JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. 435–445, 2024, Accessed: 00, 2024. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/108626.