Koç, Duygu
This thesis examines the changes in clothing and fashion forms of Turkish women parallel to world fashion to adopt a Western outlook in the early republican period as represented in the Turkish press through the magazines and newspapers published between 1923 and 1940. The thesis also challenges the claims that Turkish women of that period wore masculine clothing styles in order to participate in the public sphere. The construction of fashions that constitute the visual image of Turkish modernization was shaped in accordance with the Western-centered perception of modernity on the axis of Parisian fashion, which dominated that period. Both the Turkish press and Westerner and Turkish elite women who were seen as role models in the public sphere were an important intermediary in the adoption of the latest women's fashion in the period covered in this thesis. A parallel reading of the world fashion of the 1920s and 1930s and Turkish women's fashion in that period reveal that Turkish women's fashion was progressed in parallel with the world fashion through the intermediary of the Turkish Press. Therefore, the feminine and masculine silhouettes in the design of women's clothing of the period in Turkey are also in parallel with the world fashion. In this sense, the claim that women sacrificed their femininity and adopted a masculine style in order to exist in the public sphere does not reflect the truth when we look at the images in the press and photographs of the period. In this study, the development of women's fashion in parallel with world fashion between 1923 and 1940, a period of significant institutional and social changes in the history of Turkey, is analyzed through the Turkish print media of the period, newspapers, magazines and archives.
Citation Formats
D. Koç, “WOMEN’S IMAGES AND FASHION AS REPRESENTED IN THE EARLY REPUBLICAN TURKISH PRESS: 1923-1940,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2024.