Changing theory of urban consumption and geography of retailing - mapping the transformation of retail landscapes in İstanbul in the post - 1990 period: a perspective from developing countries

Boyacı, Yonca
After the 1980s, the re-organization of world markets through global penetration of western consumer values has extended the consumption functions of most economies creating new spaces of consumption. However, socio-economic and cultural forces have interpreted global economic processes in different ways in different countries, producing similar as well as contrasting compositions. Similarly in developing countries despite the penetration of global consumption values accompanied by a modernization of retail forms, distinct retail structures evolved. IllIn human geography, on one hand, the emergence of the political economy perspective and on the other hand, the cultural turn in the critical human geography led to the appearance of so-called "new geography" perspective in retailing. Then the study of retail geography shifted the focus away from hxtmogemzatixm towards differentiation of retail space. In developing countries under the assumptions of new retail geography, the debate shifted away from the conception of retail transformation as the gradual replacement of traditional forms by chain stores towards the complementarity of traditional and modern as modernization proceeds. In Turkey and in Istanbul, 1980s witnessed the noticeable spread of supermarkets as the new consumption spaces. Transformation in retailing created particular urban landscapes and that qualitative differences emerged between different areas. Thus, it became increasingly important to develop a geographical framework to analyze retail transformation in a cultural, social and economic context as the new geography of retailing suggests, to understand why and how Istanbul produced distinct consumption spaces within the world, Turkey and itself.


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Citation Formats
Y. Boyacı, “Changing theory of urban consumption and geography of retailing - mapping the transformation of retail landscapes in İstanbul in the post - 1990 period: a perspective from developing countries,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2002.