A Study on portal composition and its contribution to façade design in Anatolian Seljuk buldings

Caner, Çağla
The forms, articulation and compositions of the facades of the monumental buildings displayed a recognizable character during the era of the Anatolian Seljuks in Asia Minor. Even though no two facades appear to be the same with their constitutive elements and with the articulation in their compositions, they seem to attain remarkable similarities. Within the general formulation of the facade compositions, the gateways namely the portals (taçkapı) come forth to reflect the architectural facade concepts of the Anatolian Seljuks, not only with their individual elements but also as the major element of the facade; acting as the focal component. Respectively, the study aims to propose an analytical research of the Seljuk portals within an architectural context. It will concentrate on the fundamental variations, and in relation to these, the possible sub-variations. It will evaluate the portals with respect to their location, their relation with the circulation and plan layout of the buildings they belong to, the spaces behind the portals and behind the facade they belong to and their iiicombination and integration with the facade composition. However, the study intends to come up not only with basic classifications of Anatolian Seljuk portals as the focal element within the facade composition, but also tries to bring the possible classifications concerning the displayed variations of the compositions through their components, such as the form and layering of the framework, recessed niche, side niches, arches, building inscriptions and other related details.
Citation Formats
Ç. Caner, “A Study on portal composition and its contribution to façade design in Anatolian Seljuk buldings,” Middle East Technical University, 2002.