Perceived social support, coping strategies and stress-related growth as predictors of depression and hopelessness in breast cancer patient. /

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2003
Kesimci, Aslı
The main aim of the present study was to investigate the predictors of depression and hopelessness in a sample of Turkish breast cancer patients. The socio-demographic and medical variables, perceived social support, coping strategies and stress-related growth were used as predictors of depression and hopelessness. One hundred breast cancer patients from Demetevler and Ahmet Andiçen Oncology Hospitals participated in this study. Nine of the breast cancer patients were excluded from the study due to previous psychiatric illness. The research iiiinstrument consisted of six parts and was administered to the patients by the researchers in a face to face interview format in the hospitals. Interviews with patients took approximately one hour and the process of data collection contained for four months. The scales used in the research were Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Ways of Coping Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Hopelessness Scale and Stress-Related Growth Scale. The Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficients of these scales were satisfactory. Responses to the Ways of Coping Inventory were subjected to factor analysis and this analysis yielded four factors, namely helplessness coping, optimistic/seeking social support coping, problem solving coping and fatalistic coping whereas factor analysis of Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support yielded three factors namely, support from significant others, support from family and support from friends. The results of the regression analysis showed that income level, perceived social support, optimistic/seeking social support coping, helplessness coping and stress-related growth were predictors of depression, whereas marital status, perceived social support, optimistic/seeking social support coping and helplessness coping appeared as predictors of hopelessness. The results of the study were discussed in the light of the literature, shortcomings of the study, clinical implications and suggestions for future research were proposed.

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Citation Formats
A. Kesimci, “Perceived social support, coping strategies and stress-related growth as predictors of depression and hopelessness in breast cancer patient. /,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.