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A high-speed asic implementation of the RSA cryptosystem

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2003
Yeşil, Soner
This thesis presents the ASIC implementation of the RSA algorithm, which is one of the most widely used Public Key Cryptosystems (PKC) in the world. In RSA Cryptosystem, modular exponentiation of large integers is used for both encryption and decryption processes. The security of the RSA increases as the number of the bits increase. However, as the numbers become larger (1024-bit or higher) the challenge is to provide architectures, which can be implemented in hardware, operate at high clock speeds, use a minimum of resources and can be used in real-time applications. In this thesis, a semi-custom VLSI implementation of the RSA Cryptosystem is performed for both 512-bit and 1024-bit processes using 0.35æm AMI Semiconductor Standard Cell Libraries. By suiting the design into a systolic and regular architecture, the broadcasting signals and routing delays are minimized in the implementation. With this regular architecture, the results of 3ns clock period (627Kbps) using 87K gates (8.7mm2 with I/O pads) for the 512-bit implementation, and 4ns clock period (237Kps) using 132K gates (10.4mm2 with I/O pads) for the 1024-bit implementation have been achieved. These results are obtained for the worst-case conditions and they include the post-layout routing delays. The design is also verified in real time using the Xilinx V2000E FPGA on the Celoxica RC1000 Hardware. The 1024-bit VLSI implementation has been sent to IMEC for fabrication as a prototype chip through Europractice Multi-Project Wafer (MPW) runs.