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Optimization of the array geometry for direction finding

Özaydın, Seval
In this thesis, optimization of the geometry of non-uniform arrays for direction finding yielding unambiguous results is studied. A measure of similarity between the array response vectors is defined. In this measure, the effects of antenna array geometry, source placements and antenna gains are included as variable parameters. Then, assuming that the antenna gains are known and constant, constraints on the similarity function are developed and described to result in unambiguous configurations and maximum resolution. The problem stated is solved with two different methods, the MATLAB optimization toolbox, and genetic algorithm in which different genetic codings are also studied. The performance of the MUSIC algorithm with the optimized array geometries are investigated through computer simulations. The direction of arrival estimates are obtained using the optimized array geometry on the MUSIC algorithm along with the effects of different parameters. Statistics of the true and probable erroneous arrival angles and the probability of gross error are obtained as a measure of performance. It is observed that the proposed optimization process for the array geometry gave rise to unambiguous results for direction findi