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Re-reading the social context of apartment block development in İstanbul: 1889-1922

Aktuna, Zeynep
The thesis investigates the early phases of apartment block development in Istanbul, which took place in the second half of the 19th century. Apartment block development represents a unique process in Istanbul. It not only reflects the أwest-orientedؤ side of the Ottoman Empire but also sheds light on the transformation of urban fabric from pre-modern to modern. The emergence of apartment blocks in Istanbul, hence, does not simply imply the adoption of a أwesternؤ and أmodernؤ life, but also reflect a spatial transformation. To clarify this unique process, the thesis studies the social and spatial aspects of apartment block development from 1889 to 1922. The study uses the Annuaire Orientals related to the years of 1889, 1893, 1896, 1910 and 1922. Through the use of the Annuaire data, it investigates on the ءsocial profile̕ of the early apartment residents and ءspatial setting̕ of apartment blocks. Doing this, the study aims to shed light on the socio-spatial differentiation behind the apartment block development.