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White vs. black Turks : the civilising process in Turkey in the 1990s

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2003
Sumer, Beyza
This thesis analyses the formation of أWhiteؤ and أBlackؤ Turks distinction in terms of the civilising process which operates on the differentiation between أcivilisedؤ and أuncivilised/grotesqueؤ bodies and corresponds to the formation of the high/low hierarchy in Turkey in the 1990s. The particular construction of civilised bodies is delineated with respect to the continuity and discontinuity of the Ottoman modernisation and the Kemalist project of Westernisation. The social, political and ideological context of أWhiteؤ Turks is examined in detail by a textual analysis and with reference to the articles in daily newspapers and magazines of the 1990s. The urbanisation experience of Turkey, particularly in Istanbul with respect to the formation of civic culture against varos culture is investigated. The construction of ideal modern individual against maganda is examined and it is argued that the features attributed to maganda like moustache, arabesk music, lahmacun and bad smell had become objects of symbolic hate.