Urban compactness : a study of Ankara urban form

Çalışkan, Olgu
Sustainable urban development is mentioned together with the concept of urban form in contemporary planning literature. The main reason behind this is a need for determining an ideal physical development scheme and its main principles of urban future in a broad term. Besides, the operational side of urban planning requires a concrete set of design codes in order to transform urban space in both macro and mezzo scale. At this point, the concept of urban compactness and the idea of Compact City have come into the agenda of planning. In the last decade, the model of compact city has become a prototype of sustainable urban form in developed countries. It is also argued whether compact urbanity is a nostalgic metaphor or an engineering solution. It has emerged as a reaction to the negative consequences of urban sprawl and suburbanization as the anti-urbanist urban phenomena in Western geographies. Hence, the relevance of urban compactness should be examined for developing and underdeveloped countries and their settlement structures. The basic motivation of the thesis is to examine the relevance and validity of urban compactness in the case of Turkey as a developing Eurasian country. For this end, the evolution of urban compactness as a fact and an idea in the historical context of developed countries and it̕s meaning for the developing world; Ankara is examined as a case study by re-reading its planning history and the transformation of its urban form from the point of view of compactness.


Smart Cities and the Idea of Smartness in Urban Development - A Critical Review
Husar, Milan; Ondrejicka, Vladimir; Varis, Sila Ceren (2017-06-16)
The concept of smart cities is becoming another mantra for both developing and developed cities. For instance, Indian government in 2015 announced its objective to build one hundred smart cities all over the country. They clearly stated that they are choosing smart development as the underlying concept for their future growth as a way to foster economic development in smart way to avoid the paths of rapid industrialization and pollution of cities as it took place in Europe and United States. The first of th...
Urban fissure: reconceptualization of the land walls within the urban milieu of İstanbul
Baş Bütüner, Funda; Günay, Baykan; Erkal, Namık Günay; Department of City and Regional Planning (2010)
The major intention of this thesis is to introduce a new concept –urban fissure- to discuss the positionality and spatiality of city walls within contemporary urban milieus. Besides being an architectural defense structure, covering a considerable amount of land in cities, city walls have always been an important urban component. Land Walls has been a unique example of city walls that have existed for 15 centuries as an untouchable object in a metropolitan city like İstanbul. After the Ottoman Conquest in 1...
Growth control at the urban fringe: planning and policy instruments – the case of Ankara
Sınacı, Fulya; Gedikli, Bahar; Department of City and Regional Planning (2016)
Urban growth dynamics play an important role in determining the future scenarios of cities and in the shaping of the urban form. Although spatial growth can be considered as an opportunity to provide new living and working places for growing populations, it is arguable whether all decisions aimed at physical growth are compatible with local dynamics. Even if growth is needed, considering the conditions of a locality, it is not always easy to control this growth and prevent it from turning into sprawl. Previ...
Plan modifications within the contexts of planning control mechanisms Mersin case
Ünlü, Tolga; Altaban, Özcan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2005)
Urban development plans in the Turkish planning system envision that a time would come and the spatial development of any city would be completed in the specific planning period. The allegation of the planning system is to control every detail during urban development. However, the static nature of development plans within the regulatory context cannot provide strategies to manage the dynamic nature of the socio-political context. This contradictory situation involves tensions in planning control mechanisms...
Sustainable transport in city-regions:b
Nal, Seda; Babalık, Ela; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
While the vast literature on sustainable transport emphasizes certain urban development patterns as those that should be encouraged in urban planning, it is a fact that there is an increasing tendency in many urban areas in the world towards becoming a city-region. However, whether these city-region development patterns can help attain a more sustainable urban growth and transport system is a relatively less studied area in the field of sustainable transport. In general terms, the study aims to bring togeth...
Citation Formats
O. Çalışkan, “Urban compactness : a study of Ankara urban form,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.