Antioxidant enzyme activities in rat liver tissues of diabetic rats

Sadi, Gökhan
Free radicals are the compounds having one or more unpaired electrons in their outer orbital and this unpaired electron make these compounds very reactive. Especially as their concentration increases, they initiate a chain oxidation reaction of lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. The condition, in which the production of free radicals exceeds their elimination or tissue defense mechanism decrease against them or both occur together, is called oxidative stress. In diabetes mellitus which is a glucose metabolism disorder, there occurs excessive non-enzymatic protein oxidation, glucose autoxidation and enhanced activity of polyol pathway enzymes, which are the possible sources of the oxidative stress in this disease. In this study, the conditions of the activity measurements of major antioxidant enzymes, namely superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC, catalase (CAT, EC, glutathione peroxidase (GPx, and glutathione S-transferase (GST, EC were studied and the optimum conditions (pH, temperature and substrate concentrations) for each assay were determined. Further objectives of the study were to characterize the enzymatic antioxidant systems (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase), tissue oxidation status (concentrations of TBARS, protein carbonylation, and lipid/protein ratios) and nonenzymatic antioxidant (reduced glutathione) levels of the diabetic rat liver tissues. According to our results, the hepatic SOD and GPx activities significantly increased whereas CAT activity markedly decreased in diabetic rats compared to control group. Also, GST activities did not change in diabetes. As a result of oxidative stress, TBARS concentration, lipid/protein ratios and protein carbonylation increased and GSH levels decreased in diabetic rats compared to control rats. This increase in tissue damage, in


Unnatural amino acid replacement in a yeast G protein-coupled receptor in its native environment.
Huang, LY; Umanah, G; Hauser, M; Son, Çağdaş Devrim; Arshava, B; Naider, F; Becker, JM (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2008-05-20)
Ste2p is the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) for the tridecapeptide pheromone cc factor of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This receptor- pheromone pair has been used extensively as a paradigm for investigating GPCR structure and function. Expression in yeast harboring a cognate tRNA/aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase pair specifically evolved to incorporate p-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine (Bpa) in response to the amber codon allowed the biosynthesis of Bpa-substituted Ste2p in its native cell. We replaced natural amino acid ...
Investigation for natural extract inhibitors of bovine lens aldose reductase responsible for the formation of diabetis dependent cataract
Onay, Melih; Çoruh, Nursen; Department of Biochemistry (2008)
In the polyol pathway, Aldose reductase (AR) is an important enzyme in reduction of aldehydes and aldosugars to their suitable alcohols. AR, using NADPH as a coenzyme, has a molecular weight of 37 000 dalton. AR in its activated form, known to increase the sorbitol accumulation in lens, is responsible for the cataract formation in diabetis diseases. Therefore, the inhibition of aldose reductase is important to prevent the incedence of cataract formation in diabetus mellitus. In the treatment of diabetis dep...
Purification of glutathione S-transferases and genetic characterization of Zeta isozyme from Pinus brutia, Ten
Öztetik, Elif; İşcan, Mesude; Department of Biochemistry (2005)
Glutathione S-transferases (GST, EC2.5.1.18) are a family of multifunctional, dimeric enzymes that catalyse the nucleophilic attack of the tripeptide glutathione (?-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-L-glycine) on lipophilic compounds with electrophilic centres. The primary function of GSTs is generally considered to be the detoxification of both endogenous and xenobiotic compounds. Cytosolic GSTs have been grouped into eleven distinct classes as: (A); Alpha, (M); Mu, (P); Pi, (S); Sigma, (T); Theta, (Z); Zeta, (F); Ph...
Benzaldehyde lyase from pseudomonas fluorescens biovar i mediated biotransformation for the synthesis of chiral alpha hydroxy ketones
Hoşrik, Birsu Semra; Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Department of Biochemistry (2010)
Optically active α-hydroxy ketones are important subunits of many biologically active compounds and indispensable synthons for asymmetric synthesis. Benzaldehyde Lyase from Pseudomonas fluorescens Biovar I is a novel ThDP-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of benzoin type chiral α-hydroxy ketones starting from both benzaldehyde and racemic benzoin derivatives. Benzaldehyde Lyase is the first example of enzymes in the literature which leads to a chemical resolution of enantiomers of benzoin deriva...
Cross-Linking of a DOPA-Containing Peptide Ligand into its G Protein-Coupled Receptor
Umanah, George E.; Son, Çağdaş Devrim; Ding, FaXiang; Naider, Fred; Becker, Jeffrey M. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2009-04-01)
The interaction between a 3,4-dihydroxylphenylalanine (DOPA) labeled analog of the tridecapeptide α-factor (W-H-W-L-Q-L-K-P-G-Q-P-M-Y) and Ste2p, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), has been analyzed by periodate-mediated cross-linking. Chemically synthesized α-factor with DOPA substituting for tyrosine at position 13 and biotin tagged onto lysine7 ([Lys7 (BioACA),-Nle12,DOPA13]α-factor; Bio-DOPA-α-factor) was used for crosslinking into Ste2p. The biological activity of Bio-D...
Citation Formats
G. Sadi, “Antioxidant enzyme activities in rat liver tissues of diabetic rats,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.