Family background, family processes, women's feelings, attitudes, and self-evaluations in relation to family roles

Beşpınar, Lütfiye Zeynep
This study aimed to demonstrate the effects of the contextual factors (socio-economic conditions and level of urbanization) on family processes and outcomes related to women. The family processes of interest were spousal relations relative power, feelings of mastery, and self evaluation of women in familial roles. Another aim was to investigate the effect of participation in the activities of family support and women education programs on women's attitudes in relation to family roles. I studies with an accidental sample of 145 women in various districts of Kadiköy, Istanbul. There were three groups of women (1) women living in poor districts of Kadiköy and in touch with "Family Guiding/ Solidarity Center" of Kadiköy Munucipality, (2) women living in the same districts but not in touch with (FG/SC), (3) women living in central-whealthy neighborhoods of Kadiköy. There were three main predictions; (1) education was predicted to determine economic status, which would influence mastery. Mastery in turn, would affect spousal relationsand decision making processes in family. Finally, spousal relations would predict self-evaluation (2) urbanization was predicted to influence modern attitudes toward spousal roles positively and traditional attitudes negatively, (3) women who were in touch with FG/SC were predicted to have more favorable attitudes toward modern spousal roles, but less favorable toward traditional spousal roles. The model of the first prediction revealed that; economic status determined mastery, which influences warmth and equality. Warmth and equality in turn influences individual's self evaluation. As expected in the second prediction, urbanization was negatively related to traditional attitudes. Comparison of the three groups revealed that, women living in pheripheral districts showed more favorable attitudes towards traditional gender stereotypic duties


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Citation Formats
L. Z. Beşpınar, “Family background, family processes, women’s feelings, attitudes, and self-evaluations in relation to family roles,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.