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Xanthene-based artifical enzymes and a dimeric calixpyrrole as a chromogenic chemosensor

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2004
Şaki, Neslihan
This thesis covers the combination of two seperate work accomplished during the throughout the study. In the first part of the study, xanthene based artificial enzymes were synthesized, and kinetic hydrolysis studies done. Artificial enzyme design is an active field of supramolecular chemistry and metalloenzymes are attractive targets in such studies. Enzymatic catalysis is essentially a ءmultifuctional̕ catalysis. As part of our work, we designed and synthesized three novel xanthene derivatives. All three model contain Zn(II) in their active sites. Using the model substrate p-nitrophenyl acetate, we showed that the bifunctional model is at least an order of magnitude more active in catalyzing the hydrolysis of the substrate. Compared to the uncatalyzed hydrolysis reaction of the p-nitrophenyl ester at pH 7.0, the bifunctional model complex showed a 5714-fold rate acceleration. The second part of the thesis involves the design of a dimeric calixpyrrole as a chromogenic chemosensor. Anions are involved in a large number of biological processes and there is an interest in developing molecular sensors for these charged species. The calixpyrroles are a class of old but new heterocalixarene analogues that show considerable promise in the area of anion sensing. In this work, we have designed, synthesized and characterized a calixpyrrole-dimer anion sensor for its anion binding strength. The dimer forms stable complexes with p-nitrophenolate ion. This formed complex is used as a colorimetric sensor by displacing the chromogenic anion with the addition of various anions. like fluoride and acetate. The receptor shows strong affinity and high selectivity for fluoride anion, and also show reasonable affinity toward acetate. Thus, effective optical sensing of biochemically relevant these anions is accomplished using the calixpyrrole dimer.