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Social networks and urban integration of Bulgarian Turkish immigrants of 1989 and after : the case of Yenibosna, İstanbul

Coşgun, Bülent
In this thesis, it is aimed to investigate to what extent Bulgarian Turkish immigrants of 1989 and the following years, integrated to the urban life and to analyze the role of their social networks in this process. In this respect, demographic, socioeconomic variables and migration process, social networks and organized and political behaviour of the immigrants have been evaluated in a comparative perspective with Turkish rural migrants in order to understand their difference in urban integration levels. Economic, social and political levels of urban integration of immigrants have been analyzed and the findings of two different age-groups were compared on these levels to see the generational difference in urban intaegration A total of 140 members of the association أBulgaristan Türkleri Deliorman Kültür Dernegiؤ were interviewed in Yenibosna for this purpose. Contrary to assumptions, they couldn̕t easily integrate to the urban life in Turkey because they came from a country, which is different in ideological, economic, social and cultural aspects. The most important difference was political and ideological, since they were raised in a country, which was socialist in that period before immigration. They formed a strong community to cope with the difficulties in the new environment. Although they became successful in economic integration to a certain extent, they couldn̕t integrate socially and politically in the same way.