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An experimental study of vertical and inclined soil nails under footings as settlement reducers

Engin, Harun Kürşat
Vertical and inclined soil nails under footings as settlement ا reducing elements is investigated using a physical 1g model in the laboratory. Nails are not connected to footing, they are not so long and vertical settlement of nails is very large compared to usual limits encountered for piles or micropiles. Following the settlement of footing, they share the load together with the footing. The skin friction is mostly mobilized and end-bearing failure occurs continuously during the settlement. The system of footing- soil nail is studied by model square footings of 30 mm x 30 mm and 50 mm x 50 mm breadth dimensions and remoulded kaolin clay consolidated under constant controlled stress of 50 kPa in 200 mm cube boxes. In the first section of the testing series 4, 5, 9 and 12 nails were inserted into soil in 3B, 2.4B, 1.33B and B lengths, respectively. In the second section, 4 and 6 nails in 1.5B and 2B lengths were tested for vertical and 15 degrees and 30 degrees inclined cases. Settlements of footings were measured under constant footing pressure for all groups. Several tests were repeated in each group of testing series. It is concluded that keeping the total nail length constant, decreasing the nail number thus using longer individual nails is more effective in decreasing the footing settlements. 15 degrees inclined nails decrease total settlements more.