An analytical study on minimum confinement in spiral columns

Özkaya, Cenan
The minimum spiral ratio equation given in the codes is derived by equating the strength at the second peak to the strength at the first peak for spiral columns tested under uniaxial load. In this study, specimen behavior under combined bending and axial load was taken as basis while deriving proposed equations. Analyses were carried out by using a Moment-Curvature program. For normal strength concrete, one regression and one simplified equation giving minimum spiral ratio are proposed. Difference between two equations arises from the number in front of (Ac/Ack). In regression equation, this number is calculated by means of a function. In simplified equation, this number is a constant. For high strength concrete, a different regression equation is proposed which is valid for concrete strengths up to 95 MPa. Simplified equation proposed for normal strength concrete is also proposed for high strength concrete up to concrete strengths of 120 MPa. It was found that; (i) Simplified equation proposed for normal and high strength concrete yielded consistent results in the range of variables studied; (ii) Except some points, regression equations yielded consistent results; (iii) It is recommended to use simplified equation instead of regression and code equations since it yields more consistent results than code and regression equations. Keywords: Confined Concrete, Ductility, Moment-Curvature, Minimum Spiral Volumetric Ratio
Citation Formats
C. Özkaya, “An analytical study on minimum confinement in spiral columns,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.