Investigation of thin semiconductor coatings and their antimicrobial properties

Erkan, Arcan
Regular disinfection of surfaces is required in order to reduce the number of microorganisms, unable to transmit infections and maintaining the surfaces sterilized. For this purpose, antimicrobial thin film coatings on the various surfaces such as glass and ceramic surfaces, capable of killing harmful microorganisms are being investigated. Generally a semiconducting material which can be activated by UV light tends to exhibit a strong antimicrobial activity. With holes (h+) and hydroxyl radicals (OH*) generated in the valence band, electrons and the superoxide ions (O2-) generated in the conduction band, illuminated semiconductor photocatalysts can inactivate microorganisms by participating in a series of oxidation reactions leading to carbon dioxide. The aim of this current study was developing semiconductor coatings, increasing the photocatalytic activity of these coatings by metal doping, particularly palladium doping, and investigating the antimicrobial properties of these coatings. In this study, glass surfaces were coated with titanium dioxide (TiO2), tin dioxide (SnO2) and palladium doped TiO2 and SnO2 sol-gels. After achieving thin, dense and strong coatings, antimicrobial properties of the coatings were investigated by applying the indicator microorganisms directly onto the coated glasses. Different cell wall structure of microorganisms can strongly affect the photocatalytic efficiency of the coatings. Hence Escherichia coli as a Gr (-) bacteria, Staphylococcus aereus as Gr (+) bacteria, Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a yeast and Aspergilus niger spores were used in the experiments. Photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 was better than SnO2 coatings. Palladium doping increased the antimicrobial activity of both coatings. The reduction efficiencies were found to decrease in the following order of E. coli [Gr (-)] > S. aereus [Gr (+)] > S.cerevisiae (yeast) > A. niger


Investigation of sodium and potassium ions in relation to bioflocculation of mixed culture microorganisms
Kara, Fadime; Sanin, Faika Dilek; Department of Biotechnology (2007)
Bioflocculation happens naturally and microorganisms aggregate into flocs during wastewater treatment. It is critical to understand the mechanisms of bioflocculation and its impact on the following solid/liquid separation process since seperation by settling is one of the key aspects that determine the efficiency and the overall economy of activated sludge systems. Bioflocculation occurs via extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and cations by creating a matrix to hold various floc components together so...
Combination of alkaline solubilization with microwave digestion as a sludge disintegration method: effect on gas production and quantity and dewaterability of anaerobically digested sludge
Doğan, Ilgın; Sanin, Faika Dilek; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
The significant increase in the sewage sludge production in treatment plants makes anaerobic digestion more important as a stabilization process. However hydrolysis is the rate-limiting step of anaerobic digestion because of the semirigid structure of the microbial cells. Pretreatment of waste activated sludge (WAS) leads to disruption of cell walls and release of extracellular and intracellular materials. Therefore biodegradability of sludge will be improved in terms of more biogas production and sludge mi...
A model for optimal operation of land-treatment sites for oily wastes
Ünlü, Kahraman (SAGE Publications, 2001-06-01)
Land treatment as a disposal technology has been extensively used for the disposal of oily wastes. Effective management of land treatment sites require optimal operation of the system in order to achieve the fastest and most complete degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons without contamination of the environment. This paper describes a model that can be used for optimising the operation of land treatment sites for oily wastes. The model is composed of system simulator and optimisation submodels. Conceptually...
Development of a fuzzy rule based remedial priority ranking system for contaminated sites
Polat, Şener; Ünlü, Kahraman; Department of Environmental Engineering (2009)
Evaluation of contaminated sites based on human health and environmental hazards is an essential task for the proper management of the contaminated sites. A large number of contaminated sites have been waiting for remediation all over the World. However, contaminated site remediation is generally a difficult, time consuming and very expensive process. Ranking systems for contaminated sites are useful tools to determine the remedial priority and to manage the available remediation budget in the most efficien...
Application of ozonation and biotreatment for forest industry wastewater
Balcioglu, I. Akmehmet; Sarac, C.; Kivilcimdan, C.; Tarlan, E. (Informa UK Limited, 2006-12-01)
This research is focused on the integrated process for the treatment of bleached Kraft pulp mill effluents. Pre-ozonation of softwood and hardwood combined bleaching effluents at alkaline pH resulted in 50 and 44% COD abatement, respectively. Segregation of highly polluted streams of bleaching process can be recommended to reduce the cost of treatment since the COD removal yield of CEH effluents was higher than combined bleaching effluents. Moreover, biodegradability of CEH effluents in terms of BOD5/COD ra...
Citation Formats
A. Erkan, “Investigation of thin semiconductor coatings and their antimicrobial properties,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.