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Natural language interface on a video data model

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2005
Erözel, Güzen
The video databases and retrieval of data from these databases have become popular in various business areas of work with the improvements in technology. As a kind of video database, video archive systems need user-friendly interfaces to retrieve video frames. In this thesis, an NLP based user interface to a video database system is developed using a content-based spatio-temporal video data model. The data model is focused on the semantic content which includes objects, activities, and spatial properties of objects. Spatio-temporal relationships between video objects and also trajectories of moving objects can be queried with this data model. In this video database system, NL interface enables flexible querying. The queries, which are given as English sentences, are parsed using Link Parser. Not only exact matches but similar objects and activities are also returned from the database with the help of the conceptual ontology module to return all related frames to the user. This module is implemented using a distance-based method of semantic similarity search on the semantic domain-independent ontology, WordNet. The semantic representations of the given queries are extracted from their syntactic structures using information extraction techniques. The extracted semantic representations are used to call the related parts of the underlying spatio-temporal video data model to calculate the results of the queries.