Modeling and numerical analysis of single droplet drying

Dalmaz, Nesip
A new single droplet drying model is developed that can be used as a part of computational modeling of a typical spray drier. It is aimed to describe the drying behavior of a single droplet both in constant and falling rate periods using receding evaporation front approach coupled with the utilization of heat and mass transfer equations. A special attention is addressed to develop two different numerical solution methods, namely the Variable Grid Network (VGN) algorithm for constant rate period and the Variable Time Step (VTS) algorithm for falling rate period, with the requirement of moving boundary analysis. For the assessment of the validity of the model, experimental weight and temperature histories of colloidal silica (SiO2), skimmed milk and sodium sulfate decahydrate (Na2SO4·10H2O) droplets are compared with the model predictions. Further, proper choices of the numerical parameters are sought in order to have successful iteration loops. The model successfully estimated the weight and temperature histories of colloidal silica, dried at air temperatures of 101oC and 178oC, and skimmed milk, dried at air temperatures of 50oC and 90oC, droplets. However, the model failed to predict both the weight and the temperature histories of Na2SO4·10H2O droplets dried at air temperatures of 90oC and 110oC. Using the vapor pressure expression of pure water, which neglects the non-idealities introduced by solid-liquid interactions, in model calculations is addressed to be the main reason of the model resulting poor estimations. However, the developed model gives the flexibility to use a proper vapor pressure expression without much effort for estimation of the drying history of droplets having highly soluble solids with strong solid-liquid interactions. Initial droplet diameters, which were calculated based on the estimations of the critical droplet weights, were predicted in


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Citation Formats
N. Dalmaz, “Modeling and numerical analysis of single droplet drying,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.