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A critical review of the approaches to the restructuring of the state in Turkey during the 1980s

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2005
Güngen, Ali Rıza
The prevalent approaches in terms of the restructuring of the state in Turkey during the 1980s grasp the relations between state and society as relations of exteriority. Statist-institutionalist or technicist approaches detach the formation of economic policies from social struggles whereas the critical analyses interpret the implementation of structural adjustment policies as a functional response to the crisis of capital. Instead of these explanations, it seems there is a need for taking into consideration the relations between state and society as internal relations and grasping the restructuring of the state as a form assumed by social struggles and understanding the intervention of the state into the economy as a moment within the process of reproduction of the contradictions. Such a theoretical position has the power of explaining the changing forms of state intervention on the basis of the class character of the capitalist state and in a relational way.