Analysis of warm forging process

Aktakka, Gülgün
Forging is a metal forming process commonly used in industry. Forging process is strongly affected by the process temperature. In hot forging process, a wide range of materials can be used and even complex geometries can be formed. However in cold forging, only low carbon steels as ferrous material with simple geometries can be forged and high capacity forging machinery is required. Warm forging compromise the advantages and disadvantages of hot and cold forging processes. In warm forging process, a product having better tolerances can be produced compared to hot forging process and a large range of materials can be forged compared to cold forging process. In this study, forging of a particular part which is being produced by hot forging at 1200°C for automotive industry and have been made of 1020 carbon steel, is analyzed by the finite volume analysis software for a temperature range of 850-1200°C. Experimental study has been conducted for the same temperature range in a forging company. A good agreement for the results has been observed.


Analysis of roll-forging process
Karacaovalı, Hakan; Gökler, Mustafa İlhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2005)
Roll-forging is a metal forming process and mainly used for preform forging of long parts prior to press or hammer forging in the industry. Variable cross sections through the length of billet can be obtained by roll-forging to acquire an adequate distribution of material to the next forging stages. In the design of process and dies used in roll-forging, there are some empirical techniques in literature. However these techniques only provide approximate reduction ratio and elongation during the process and ...
Experimental and numerical analysis of compression on a forging press
Biçer, Gökhan; Gökler, Mustafa İlhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
Forging is a metal forming process which involves non-linear deformations. Finite element and finite volume software programs are commonly used to simulate the process. In these simulations, material properties are required. However, stress-strain relations of the materials at some elevated temperatures are not available in the material libraries of the related software programs. In this study, the stress-strain curves have been obtained by applying the Cook and Larke Simple Compression Test to AISI 1045 st...
Analysis of heat treatment effect on springback in v-bending
Sarıkaya, Onur Turgay; Darendeliler, Haluk; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
Aluminum based alloys have wide area of usage in automotive and defense industry and bending processes are frequently applied during production. One of the most important design criteria of bending processes is springback, which can be basically defined as elastic recovery of the part during unloading. To overcome this problem, heat treatment is generally applied to the workpiece material to refine tensile properties. In this study, the effect of heat treatment on springback characteristics of aluminum stud...
Design and thermo-mechanical analysis of warm forging process and dies
Saraç, Sevgi; Gökler, Mustafa İlhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2007)
Forging temperature is one of the basic considerations in forging processes. In warm forging, the metals are forged at temperatures about the recrystallization temperature and below the traditional hot forging temperature. Warm forging has many advantages when compared to hot and cold forging. Accuracy and surface finish of the parts is improved compared to hot forging while ductility is increased and forming loads are reduced when compared to cold forging. In this study, forging process of a part which is ...
Elastic-plastic finite element analysis of semi-hot forging dies
Halisçelik, Murat; Darendeliler, Haluk; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2009)
Semi-hot or warm forging is an economical alternative to the conventional forging processes by combining advantages of hot and cold forging processes. In this study, a new forging process sequence and design of the preform die for a part which has been produced by hot forging are proposed to be produced by semi-hot forging. Thermo-mechanical finite element analyses are performed over the stages of forging process. The billet and the dies are modeled as elastic-plastic bodies. Effects of preform die geometry...
Citation Formats
G. Aktakka, “Analysis of warm forging process,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.