Institutional environment and place attachment as determinants of elder's life satisfaction

Kılınç, Müge
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship among three important factors of the life of elderly who accommodates in an institution; institutional environment, older individuals̕ attachment to place, and theirs life satisfaction. This research aimed to examine how different aspects of institutional environment determine the level of elders̕ place attachment, and respectively to examine the significance of the place attachment in determining degree of older individuals̕ satisfaction with their life. Institutional environment was assessed under three headlines; design, social and institutional aspects. It was also aimed to analyze the way those three aspects are interacted with each other to conclude with place attachment. The sample consisted of 120 older individuals who were from two different institutions; Seyranbaglari Rest Home and Year of 75 Resting and Caring Home of Retired Organization. The data were gathered via applying the following measures; measures of design aspect, social aspect and institutional aspect; place attachment scale, life satisfaction scale and demographic information form. A set of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on the data, to determine whether the items are reliable indicators of latent variables. In this study, structural equation modeling technique was used to analyze the data by using LISREL. Investigating structural relationships among same variables in the light of the related literature, two different models were specified. The results of the study indicate that, the hypotheses of the first model, saying that; there is relationship between environmental variables of an institution and the life satisfaction of the elderly, and this relation is mediated by the place attachment, were supported except for the one assuming the direct relationship between design aspect and place


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Citation Formats
M. Kılınç, “Institutional environment and place attachment as determinants of elder’s life satisfaction,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.