Structural lightweight concrete with natural perlite aggregate and perlite powder

Aşık, Mesut
Structural lightweight aggregate concrete is an important and versatile material, which offers a range of technical, economic and environmental-enhancing and preserving advantages and is designed to become a dominant material in the new millennium. For structural application of lightweight concrete, the density is often more important than the strength. A decreased density for the same strength level reduces the self-weight, foundation size and construction costs. Structural lightweight aggregate concrete generally used to reduce dead weight of structure as well as to reduce the risk of earthquake damages to a structure because the earthquake forces that will influence the civil engineering structures are proportional to the mass of those structures. In this study, structural lightweight aggregate concrete was designed with the use of natural perlite aggregate that will provide an advantage of reducing dead weight of structure and to obtain a more economical structural lightweight concrete by the use of perlite powder as a replacement of the cement. Six mixes were produced with different cement content and with or without perlite powder. Six mixes divided into two groups according to their cement content. First group had a cement content of 300 kg/m3 and second group had cement content of 500 kg/m3; also the water/cement ratios of groups were 0.49 and 0.35 respectively. Moreover, each group had three sub-mixes with 0%, 20% and 35% of perlite powder as cement replacement. According to results of experimental study, it was concluded that natural perlite aggregate can be used in the production of structural lightweight aggregate concrete. Based on the strength and density results of experimental work, it is possible to produce lightweight concrete with 20 MPa-40 MPa cylindrical compressive strength by using natural perlite aggregate. Also, the use of perlite powder, which will provide economy, can reduce dead weight further and increase performance.


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Citation Formats
M. Aşık, “Structural lightweight concrete with natural perlite aggregate and perlite powder,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.